Before Transatlantic Slave Trade

The Black people sold on the slave markets in the South during the 1600’s were the Black people who lived right here in this Hemisphere before any transatlantic slave trade existed. They were shipped to Central and South America.
 
Native Americans or Indians were classified as Negroes and Blacks in the slave books of Seville Spain. Slaves from Terranova show up in the slave markets of Seville and Valencia very soon after 1500. For example; in Valencia during the period to 1516, we find in 1503 Miguel, Manne, in 1505 Juan and Pedro, in 1507 Antonio and Juan Amarco, in 1515 Ali, now Melchor, in 1516 Catalina. … they were classified as Negroes…”. if we were first brought to North America around 1619 or even 1555, for that matter, how were they taking slaves from Newfoundland, to Europe? Keep in mind that one of the “Native Americans” even had the name “Ali” and all were classified as Negro once they reached Yalencia. How did a Native American in 1515 have the Moorish name “Ali”?
 
Globally, Indigenous populations are referred to as Negroes. In the Portuguese colony of Brazil, Natives were called negros da terra meaning Negroes of the land. The early Virginia legislature identified Moors and Negroes separately. Documentation exists in which individuals were described as “Negro African.”
 
Columbus became the first man known in history to send the first slaves across the Atlantic. Other nations rushed to emulate Columbus. In 1501 the Portuguese began to depopulate the Beotuk Indians to Cape Verde as slaves. The black Indian slavery destroyed the Indian nations of Natchez, Yamasee, Pequots. Because of this, the first African slave raid took place in 1505 and was spearheaded by Columbus’ son. When the Moors (Indians) of America began dying and committing suicide the labor was replaced with slaves from the Sahara in West Africa.
 
Historians note that nowhere is there more authentic documentation than in South Carolina, also known as the original English colony of Carolina, established in 1670. Between 1650 and 1730 at least 50,000 Indians (and likely more due to transactions hidden to avoid paying government tariffs and taxes) were exported by the English alone to their Caribbean outposts.
 
Between 1670 and 1717 far more Indians were exported than Africans were imported. In southern coastal regions, entire tribes were exterminated through slavery compared to disease or war. In a law passed in 1704, Indian slaves were conscripted to fight in wars for the colony long before the American Revolution.
 
The Indian slave trade covered an area from as far west and south as New Mexico (then Spanish territory) northward to the Great Lakes. Historians believe that all tribes in this vast swath of land were caught up in the slave trade in one way or another, either as captives or as traders. Slavery was part of the larger strategy to depopulate the land to make way for European settlers.
 
As early as 1636, after the Pequot war in which 300 Pequot’s were massacred, those who remained were sold into slavery and sent to Bermuda. Major slaving ports included Boston, Salem, Mobile and New Orleans. From those ports, Indians were shipped to Barbados by the English, Martinique and Guadalupe by the French and the Antilles by the Dutch. Indian (Native American) slaves were also sent to the Bahamas as the “breaking grounds” where they might have been transported back to New York or Antigua.
 
The Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Pequot Tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook Colonies and their Native American allies (the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes) which occurred between 1634 and 1638. The Pequot Tribe lost the war. At the end, about 700 Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies; other survivors were dispersed.
 
In the beginning, Black and Mongoloid Native Americans sold each other into slavery to provide the Americans and British with labor. After the Jamasee War in 1715, most of the Native American slaves came from the Black Choctaw, Cree, Chickasaws, Yamasee nations etc. In this way, they could deny the fact Black Native Americans ever existed. If not for the art and official records dating back to this period Black Native Americans would still be invisible. The presence of mtDNA hg N and A; and the Y-chromosome hg R1b and A1, testify to the ancient African presence in the Americas.
 
The historical record indicates a perception that Indians did not make good slaves. When they weren’t shipped far from their home territories they too easily escaped and were given refuge by other Indians if not in their own communities. They died in high numbers on the transatlantic journeys and succumbed easily to European diseases. By 1676, Barbados had banned Indian slavery citing “too bloody and dangerous an inclination to remain here.”
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