Abraham in Western Europe

What is surprising is the number of different threads that exist from Abraham into Western Europe and the different paths they take. Several different threads are intertwined in the Merovingian families of Francia. Two pass from Egypt through Ireland into either Wales or Scotland. A third line comes directly from the Exilarchs (the leaders of the Jewish community in exile after the Diaspora) in Babylon. This thread goes directly into what is now southern France, where descendants married into the noble families of the region. In addition, I’ve shown lines (with two variants) from Abraham’s Islamic descendants that passes through Spain and into the nobility there and thence into the nobility of Europe.

A Sicambrian-Franks Descent from Abraham to Clovis I

The Sicambrian Franks are now thought to have found their way into the area that is now northern France and lower Germany from farther east. The mention of Arcadia in their history of growth and development gives us a hint of a Greek connection. According to Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and HenryLincoln, in The Holy Blood and The Holy Grail, there is considerable thought that the Sicambrians are a remnant of the Benjamites, the Tribe of Benjamin, one of the lost tribes of Israel. Considering that the Benjamites continued to worship The Goddess Ashera along with yhe God of Israel and that there remain survivals of this tradition in what is now southern France, it’s certainly worth consideration.

Abraham (Abram/(Ibrahim) = Sarah/Sarai bint Haran, Princess
Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebekah bint Bethuel
Jacob (Israel) ibn isaac, King of Goshen = Leah bint Laban
Juda (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamur
Zarah (Zehrah, Zarah) ben Judah = Electra
Dara/Dardanus, King of Arcadia = Batea “Basia Asia” of Teucri
Erichthonius, King of Arcadia = Astyoche of Arcadia
Tros (Trois) of Arcadia, King of Troy = Callirhoe
Illus (Illyus), King of Troy = Eurydice (Eruidike) of Troy
Laomedan, King of Troy = Placia of Troy
Priam Podarces, High King of Troy = Hecuba (Hecabe) of Phrygia
Helenus of Troy, King of the Scythians
Genger of the Scythians
Franco of the Scythians
Esdron Trojan
Gelio (Gelso Zelis), Trojan
Bosabiliano, Basebelian I, Trojan
Plaserio, Plaserius I, Trojan
Plesron
Eliacor, the Trojan
Gaberiano (Zaberian) the Trojan
Plaserius II, the Trojan
Antenor I, the Trojan
Priam II Trianus, the Trojan
Helenus II Trojan, King of Troy
Plesron II Trojan, King of Troy
Basebelian II Trojan, King of Troy
Alexandre Trojan, King of Troy
Priam III, King of the Cimmerians
Gentilanor of the Cimmerians
Almadius, King of the Cimmerians
Dilulius I, King of the Cimmerians
Helenus III, King of the Cimmerians
Plaserius III, King of the Cimmerians
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Dilulius II (Dilugio), King of the Cimmerians
Marcomir, King of the Cimmerians
Priam IV, King of the Cimmeri
Helenus IV (V), King of the Cimmeri
Antenor I, Prince of the Cimmerians
Marcomir I, King of the Sicambri
Antenor II of the Sicambri, King of the Cimmerians = Cambra
Priamus, King of the Sicambri
Helenus V, King of the Sicambri
Diocles of the Sicambri
Bassanus Magnus, King of the Sicambri
Clodomir I , King of the Sicambri
Nicanor I, King of the Sicambri
Marcomir II, King of the Sicambri
Clodius I, King of the Sicambri
Antenor III, King of the Sicambri
Clodomir II, King of the Sicambri
Merodochus, King of the Sicambri
Cassander of the Sicambri
Anthanius, King of the Sicambri
Francus/Francios, King of the West Franks
Clodius II, King of the Franks
Marcomir III, King of the Franks
Clodomir III, King of the Franks
Antenor IV, King of the Franks
Ratherius, King of the Franks = Grotte, Queen of the Franks
Richemir I, King of the Franks = Ascyla of the Franks
Odomir, King of the Franks
Marcomir of Franks
Clodomir IV, King of the Franks = Athildis, Princess of the Camulod/Britains, daughter of Coel I of Camulod (Colchester), Prince of Siluria
Farabert/Pharibert/Faribert of the Franks
Sunno (Huano, Hunno), King of the Franks
Childeric (Hilderic), King of the Franks
Bartherus, King of the Franks
Clodius III, King of the East Franks
Walter/Gautier, King of the Franks
Dagobert I, King of the East Franks
Clodomir IV of the Franks
Richemir, King of the Franks = Nastila/Hestila
Theodomir, King of the Franks
Clodius V of the Franks
Dagobert of the Salic Franks
Genebald/Genobaud of the Salic Franks
Argotta of the Sicambri, Princess of the East = Pharamond, 1st King of all the Franks

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Clodion “the Long-haired” of Tournai, King of the Salic Franks = Basina I of Thuringia
Merovee = Siegse
Merovee/Meroveus “The Young,” (436 CE – 481 CE), King of the Salian Franks = Meira?
Childeric I, King of the Salian Franks = Basina II Andovera, Queen of Thuringia
Clovis I “the Great,” King of the Franks (abt 467 CE – 511 CE) = Clotilde, daughter of Chilperic II, King of Burgundy

A Visigothic Connection from Abraham to Pepin of Heristal

The Visigoths, viewed from the pages of our schoolbooks, appeared to have been uneducated boors and nasty barbarians who overran a weakened Roman Empire from time to time. Actually they sacked Rome at one point and carried off a good deal of treasure, possibly including some from the Second Temple in Jerusalem that the Romans had only acquired a few years before. If you took this as literal truth, think of the source: Roman historians. This is a point of view. As more recent research has pointed out amply, the Visigoths were a highly developed culture. They adopted a variant of Christianity known as the Arian “heresy,” (heresy being a pejorative term applied by the Roman Church). This belief did not accept Jesus as divine but instead revered him as a remarkable human. It was at the point when the Roman Church succeeded in converting the Visigothic rulers in Spain to Roman Catholic Christianity that the first sting of what later became The Inquisition was felt in Spain and in the Spanish Marches and Languedoc.

Abraham (Abram/(Ibrahim) = Sarah/Sarai bint Haran, Princess
Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebekah bint Bethuel
Jacob (Israel) ibn isaac, King of Goshen = Leah bint Laban
Juda (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamur
Zarah (Zehrah, Zarah) ben Judah = Electra
Dara/Dardanus, King of Arcadia = Batea “Basia Asia” of Teucri
Erichthonius, King of Arcadia = Astyoche of Arcadia
Tros (Trois) of Arcadia, King of Troy = Callirhoe
Illus (Illyus) King of Troy = Eurydice (Euridike) of Troy
Tithonius of Troy
Memnon/Munon of Troy
Thor/Tror, King of Thrace
Loridi/Hloritha
Enridi
Vingethor/Vingetheor
Vingener
Moda/Mode
Maji/Magi
Sceaf/Scaef/Seskef
Bedwig/Bedvig of Sceaf
Hwala/Hvala/Hawala/Guala

Hathra/Athra

Itermon/Itormann

Heremod/Heremond

Sceldwa/Skjold/Skjaldun

Beaw/Beaf/Beowa/Bedwa/Bjarr

Taetwa/Tatwa/Tecti

Jat/Geata/Geatwa/Geat

Helmul of Goths

Augis/Argis

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Amal/Amala

Hisarna

Ostrogotha, King of Goths

Hunuil of Goths

Athal of Goths

Achiuf of Goths

Wultwulf of Goths

Walvarans of Goths

Winithar of Ostrogoths

Wandelar, King of the Ostrogoths

Theudimir, King of the Ostrogoths

Theodoric I, King of the Ostrogoths = Audofledis (Audefleda) of the Salian Franks

Arevagni of the Visigoths

Almaric II, King of the Visigoths = Clothilde, daughter of Clovis I, King of

the Franks and Clotilde

Leovigild/Leodigild, King of the Visigoths = Goswinda (Goiswinth/Galswinda) daughter

of Hoamer, son Hunneric King of the Vandals and Eudoxia of Rome, daughter of

Emporer Valentinian III of Rome

Brunhilde (Visigoth) = Siegbert I

Chlodoswintha Meroving = Recared I, King of the Visigoths

Swinthila, King of the Visigoths = Theodora of the Visigoths

Liubigotona/Liuvigotona of the Visigoths = Evrik, King of the Visigoths

Aupais/Elphide/Chalpaida/Alpaide of Spain = Pepin II “the Fat” de Heristal

Charles Martel = Rotrud, Duchess of Austrasia

Pepin III le Bref (the Short) = Bertha “Bigfoot,” princess of Hungary

Charlemagne

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The Desposyni

The term Desposyni is applied to purported descendants of Jesus and his surrounding family, all of whom were of the House of David. Clearly this is an explosive claim in certain circles because it directly threatens the Roman Church’s claim of rule through an Apostolic Succession rather than through inheritance via the House of David. Furthernore it indicates that there were heirs to Jesus’ claim to be the King of the Jews, a claim that has been supported by a number of more-adventursome scholars recently. And the concept that Jesus had a wife/consort and children gives a very different picture, one of a human and one who could well be spiritually a son of God but certainly not physically.

Desposyni and descendants from Abraham Line 1

Abraham = Sarai (Sarah) (Princess) bint Haran

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebekah bint Betheuel

Jacob ibn Isaac (King of goshen) = Leah bint Laban

Judah (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamar

Perez (Phares) 1738? BCE of Israel

Hezron (Esron) of Israel

Ram, (Aram) (Prince) of Israel

Aminadab (Amminadab) of Israel

Nashon (Naasson) (the Israelite)

Salmon (Salma) (the Israelite) = Rahab (Rachab)

Boaz = Ruth of Moab

Obed the Ephrathite

Jesse ben Obed

David, King of Judah and Israel = 9th wife of David of Judah and Israel (or Bathsheba)

Nathan ha-David

Mattatha (Mathatha Mattathan)ha- David

Menna (Menam/Menon) ha-David

Melea ha-David

Eliakim ha-David

Jonan (Jonam) ha-David

Joseph ben Jonan ha-David

Judah (Judas/Jude) ben Joseph ha-David

Simeon ben Judah ha-David

Levi ben Simeon ha-David

Matthat/Mathat ben Levi ha-David

Jorim ha-David

Eliazer (Eliezer) ben Jorim ha-David

Jesus (Jose, Joshua) ben Eleazer ha-David

Er (Her) ben Jesus ha-David

Emadam (Helmadan Elmodam) ha-David

Cosam ha-David

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Addi ben Cosam ha-David

Melchi (Melki) ha-David

Neri (Neriah) ha-David = Tamar (of Davidic dynasty)

Salathial (Shealtiel) ha-David

Zorobabel ha-David (aka Sheshbazzar (Zerubbabel) = Esther ha-David

Rhesa

Joanna (m)

Juda

Joseph

Semei

Mattathias

Maath

Naage

Esli

Naum

Amos

Mattathias II (Tobias), Temple Governor = Yalpath

Joseph, Temple Governor

Janna

Melchi, Head of the Sanhedrin

Levi

Matthan

Jacob Heli = Gadat

Joseph = Mary

Jesus (Yehoshua) = Mary Magdalene

Josue del Graal

Aminadab = Eurgen

Catheloys (Castellors)

Manael

Titurel

Frimutel

Boaz (Anfortas)

Frotmund

Pharamond, 1st King of all the Franks = Argotta of the Sicambri, Princess of the East

Franks

Clodion “the Long-haired” of Tournai, King of the Salic Franks = Basina I of Thuringia

Merovee = Siegse

Merovee/Meroveus “The Young,” (436 CE – 481 CE), King of the Salian Franks = Meira?

Childeric I, King of the Salian Franks = Basina II Andovera, Queen of Thuringia

Clovis I “the Great,” King of the Franks (abt 467 CE – 511 CE) = Clotilde, daughter of

Chilperic II, King of Burgundy

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A Variant of the Line from Abraham to David for the Desposyni

Abraham (Abram/(Ibrahim) = Sarah/Sarai bint Haran, Princess

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebekah bint Bethuel

Jacob (Israel) ibn isaac, King of Goshen = Leah bint Laban

Juda (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamur

Perez

Hezron

Aram

Amminadab

Nashon

Salmon

Boaz

Obed the Ephrathite = Ruth of Moab

Jesse ben Obed = Abala (Habalith)

David, King of Judah and Israel = 9th wife of David or Bathsheba

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A Variant of the End of the Line from Abraham to Clovis and His Wife Clotilde

Argotta of the Sicambri, Princess of the East Franks = Pharamond, 1st King of all the

Franks

Fredemundus

Nascien I of Septimania, Prince of Septimania

Celedoin of Septimania

Nascien II of the Septimanian Midi

Chilperic II, King of Burgundy

Clotilde, daughter of Chilperic II, King of Burgundy = Clovis I “the Great,” King of the

Franks (abt 467 CE – 511 CE

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The Desposyni and Descendants of Abraham Line 2

Historians differ on whether this line is valid or not. It depends on whether one

thinks that Joseph of Arimathea was really the second son of Joseph and Mary and thus

carried the title for the second son in the House of David “ha-Rama-theo.” In any case,

there is reasonable conjecture that Joseph ha-Rama-theo was a wealthy tin merchant

who would have visited tin mines in Wales. People in this group traveled more extensively

than was once believed.

Jacob Heli = Gadat

Joseph = Mary

Joseph ha-Rama-Theo = Anna

Anna (Enygeus) ben Joseph = Bran the Blessed of Siluria, Archdruid of Siluria

Beli Ealim/Heli

Avallach/Abalech/Evelake

Eugein (Iougen, Owain)

Brotjgieom (Brithwein, Brychwn)

Duvun (Dwfnn, Dwfwn)

Onwedd/Onmum/Onum/Omwydd

Anguerit (Enewerydd/Anweryd)

Angoulooyb/Angolait/Amguloi

Gur Dumn/Gorddwfn/Gordwfn)

Dumn (Dwfn/Dyfn)

Guiocein/Gwrgain

Cein (Cain/Kain)

Tegid Pies Rudawg/Tacit

Patern Pesrut (Padarn Pesrud)

Octern (Edern, Edeyrn)

Cunedda Wledig of Manau

Einan Yrth (Enniaun Girt)

Cadwallan Llaw Hir “the Longhanded”

Maelgwyn Gwynned, Regulus of Gwynned

Rhun, Regulus of Gwynned

Beli, Regulus of Gwynned

Iago (Jacob), Regulus of Gwynned

Cadfan, King of Gwynned = Acha

Cadwallon II of Gwynned

Cadwaladr the Blessed, King of Gwynedd 654-664 = Agatha?

Edwar/Idwal, King of Gwynned

Rhodri Molwynog, King of Gwynned

Cynan Dindaethwy = Matilda of Flint

Eskyll = Merwyn verch Gwiard

Rhodri Mawr ferch Merwyn = Angharad, daughter of Meruig

Anarawd

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Idwal Foel, the Bald = Avendreg of Powys

Meyric, son of Idwal

Idwal, son of Meyric

Iago, son of Idwal

Cynan, son of Iago

Gryffud/Griffith son of Cynan, Prince of North Wales = Ankaret/Angharat of Tegaing/

Tegaingl, daughter of Owain ap Edwin

Owain I Gwyned = Gladys (marriage outside church)

Iorwerth = Marared (Margaret) ferch Madog of Powys, daughter of Madog ap Marredudd,

ruler of Powys

Llewellyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales = Joan of England, daughter of King John I,

Lackland

three children: Marered/Margaret, Angharad, Helen. Marered = (1) Sir Walter de

Clifford and (2) John de Braose (Broiuze). Angharad = Maelgwyn Fychan, Lord of

Cardigan in Ayron.

Llewellyn ap Iorwerth also married Tangwystl Rhos

one child, Gladys Dhu = Ralph de Mortimer d. 6 Aug 1246

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 13

The Desposyni and Descendants of Abraham Line 3

See in bold in Line 1 and follow up to Abraham

Jacob Heli = Gadat

Joseph = Mary

Joseph ha-Rama-Theo = Anna

Anna (Enygeus) ben Joseph = Bran the Blessed of Siluria, Archdruid of Siluria

Penardun = Marius/Meruig/Meric, King of Siluria

Coel I of Camulod (Colchester), Prince of Siluria = N. N., daughter of Cylin, King of

Siluria

Lieffer (Lucius) Mawr, King of Britain = Gladys “the Elder” verch Eurgen, daughter of

Eurgen/Eugein ap Marius

Cadwalladr of Britain

Frigg/Friga of Asaland = Odin/Wodin of Asgaard (Asia)

Skjold Helithra, King of the Danes

Fridleif Skjoldson

Frodi Fridleifsson

Fridleif Frodasson

Havar Fridleifsson

Frodi Havarsson of Denmark

Vermund Frodasson of Denmark

Olaf Vermundsson of Denmark

Frodi Olafsson of Denmark

Fridleif Frodasson of Denmark

Frodi Fridleifsson of Denmark

Halfdan Frodasson of Denmark

Hroar Halfdansson of Denmark

Valdar Hrorasson = Hildis, Princess of the Vandals

Harold Valdarsson

Halfdan Haroldsson, King of Sweden

Ivar Halfdansson, King of Lethra

Aud Ivarsdotter = Radbard Radbardsson, King of Garderidge (Russia)

Randver Radbardsson

Sigurd Ranversson = Aldhild, Gandolfdotter

Ragnar Sigurdsson, Danish King at Lethra = Aslaug, daughter of Sigurd Fafnisban

Bjorn Ragnarsson, Swedish King at Uppsala

Erik Bjornsson

Edmund Eriksson

Erik Edmundsson

Bjorn (Bijorn) “a Haugi” (the Old), King at Uppsala

Eric Segersall (the Victorous), King of Sweden and Denmark = Sigrid (Starrade) the

Proud, daughter of Skoglar Toste

Olaf III “Skotkonung”, King of Sweden = Agnes of the Obotrites, daughter Mieceslas III,

King of the Obotrites

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Ingegerd, Princess of Sweden = Jaroslav I Wladimirowwitsch, Grand Prince of Kiev

Anna Agnes Yaroslavna (Jaroslawna) = Henry I, King of France

Many other permutations of this line exist , incorporating alternate siblings of persons shown here.

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Line From Abraham and King David through Egypt, through Ireland, into Wales and England

This line is traced by various authors in “speculative history” and in oral tradition. In addition to providing a connection between Israel and Egypt in terms of belief systems, it shows a path for the transmission of knowledge through early Spain to Ireland and thence to Wales and into England.

Abraham = Sarai (Sarah) (Princess) bint Haran

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebakah bint Betheuel

Jacob ibn Isaac (King of goshen) = Leah bint Laban

Judah (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamar

Perez (Phares) 1738? BCE of Israel

Hezron (Esron) of Israel

Ram, (Aram) (Prince) of Israel

Aminadab (Amminadab) of Israel

Nashon (Naasson) (the Israelite)

Salmon (Salma) (the Israelite) = Rahab (Rachab)

Boaz = Ruth of Moab

Obed

Jesse

David, King of Judah, King of Israel = Bathsheba

Solomon ben David

Roboam (Rehoboam) ha-David, King of Judea of Israel

Abia/Abijah ha David, King of Judea or Israel = Maacah

Asa (Asaph) ha-David, King of Judea= Azubah, Queen of Judea

Jehosapat/Josaphat, King of Judah

Jehoram (Joram) ha-David, King of Judah

Ozias (Ahaziah Ochozias) ha-David, King of Judah

Joash ha-David, King of Judah

Amaziah (Amasias) ha-David, King of Judah

Uzziah (Azariah), ha-David, King of Judah

Joatham (Jotham) ha-David, King of Judah

Ahaz (Achaz) ha-David, King of Judah = Abijah of Israel

Ezechias (Hezekiah) ha David, King of Judah

Manasses ha-David, King of Judah

Amon ha-David, King of Judah

Josias/Josiah ha-David = Hamutal (Hamnutal) bat Jeremiah mi-Libnah, daughter of

Jeremiah “the Prophet”

Zedekiah (Mattaniah) ha-David of Judah

Tamar (Tephi) of Judah = Heremon Mac Miled, 2nd Monarch of Ireland, aka Kirsehmon.

His line can be traced back to Noah. His mother was Scota, Princess of Egypt.

Irial (Iarel Eurialus) Faidh (Faith) Mac Eremoin, High King of Ireland

Ethrail/Eithriall Mac Iarel Faith of Ireland

Follac Mac Ethrel of Ireland

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Tighernmas (Tighearnmhas) Mac Etherel

Eiobiothad Mac Tigernmas, Prince of Ireland

Smiorgall Mac Enboth, Prince of Ireland

Fiachu Labrainn (Flacha Labhrin) Mac Smirgoll, 18th Monarch of Ireland

Aeneas (Aengus Aonghus) Olmucaidh Mac Fiachach, 20th Monarch of Ireland

Maen Mac Aengusa, Prince of Ireland

Rothectaid Rigderg, Mac Moen, 22nd Monarch of Ireland

Deman (Dian Dein Den) Mac Rothectaid, Prince of Ireland

Sirna Sirsaeglac Mac Dian, 34th Monarch of Ireland

Olioll Ochaoin Fionn Fail, Prince of Ireland

Giallchade, 37th Monarch of Ireland

Nuahhas (Nuadha) Fionn Fail, 39th Monarch of Ireland

Aedham (Aodhan) Glas, Prince of Ireland

Simon (Simeon ) Breach, 44th Monarch of Ireland

Murchad (Muirradhach) Balgrach Mac Simon, 46th Monarch of Ireland

Fiacha (Fiachaidh) Folgrach, 55th Monarch of Ireland

Eochy Buadech Mac Duach = Tamar Tephi ha-David

Augaine Mor Mac Echach

Cobthach Caol Breagh, 69th Monarch of Ireland

Melghe Molbthach/Meilage, 71st Monarch of Ireland

Irereo (Iarraingleo/Jaran) Gleofathach Fatach/Gleoathach, 74th Monarch of Ireland

Connla (Conla, Conla) Cruaich, 76th Monarch of Ireland

Oiloilla (Ailill) Caisfhiaclach, 77th Monarch of Ireland

Eochaid/Eochairdh Foltleathan/Ailtle Athair , 79th Monarch of Ireland

Aonghus/Aengus TuirImheach/Tuirbheach Teamrach (Mac Fer?), 81st Monarch of

Ireland = N. N. ingen Aengusa

Fiachra/Fiachu Firmara Mac Aengusa

Ailill Erann Mac Fiachach

Feradach/Feredaig (Vere-daigh) Mac Ailella

Forga Mac Feradaig

Maine Mor Mac Forga

Airndil Mac Maine

Rothrer Mac Airndll

Trer Mac Rothrer

Roshin Mac Trer (O’Haongus)

Sin Mac Roshin

Ecdach Mac Sin

Deithsin Mac Echdach

Dlutach (Dluthach) Mac Deitsin

Daire Mac Dlutach

Fiatach Finn Mac Daire = Fedelm Derg ingen Tuathal 2 sons

Ogamuin (Ogaman) Mac Firtaig

Findchada Ogamuin

Imchatha/Imchan Mac Finchada = Moen ingen Conn

Feargusa Dubedtach Mac Imchatha, 114th Monarch of Ireland

Aengus/Oengus Finn Mac Feargusa Dubdetaig, King of Uladh

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 17

Lorc Mac Aengusa, King of Ulster and Dal Fiatach

Indiu ingen Ludach = Niall Noigiallarch, King of Ireland 2 children

Fiacha mac Neill

Eochaid Finn Calcan Mac Fiachach

Donn Cathach Mac Echach

Bran Mac Donn

Dunchad Mac Bran

Ammchaid Mac Dunchad

Dunchad Mac Ammchaid

Mael Muaid Mac Dunchad, Lord in Offaly (eponym of Ua Maoil Mhuaidh (O’Molloy)

of Fir Cell)

Donnchad Mac Merl Muaid

Lorcan Mac Donnchad

Buadach Mac Lorcan

Mael Muaid Mac Buadach

Lorcan Mac Mael Muaid

Gilla Brigte (Brighid) Mac Lorcan O’Mulloy

Mor ingen Gilla = Tiege (Terence) O’Brien, son of Brian Boru

Toirrdelbach (Tirdelvagh: I) O’Brien, 178th Monarch of Ireland = Dirborgaill ingen Taidg

of Ossory

Muirchertach (Murtagh) O’Brien, 180th Monarch of Ireland = Dubchoglaig ingen

Dairmit

Lafracoth (Lafracota) O’Brien of Munster = Arhulph ne Montgomery of Pembroke

Alice Montgomery = Maurice Fitz Gerald

Numerous descents

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 18

Line From Abraham and King David through Egypt, through Ireland, into Scotland

Abraham = Sarai (Sarah) (Princess) bint Haran

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebakah bint Betheuel

Jacob ibn Isaac (King of goshen) = Leah bint Laban

Judah (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamar

Perez (Phares) 1738? BCE of Israel

Hezron (Esron) of Israel

Ram, (Aram) (Prince) of Israel

Aminadab (Amminadab) of Israel

Nashon (Naasson) (the Israelite)

Salmon (Salma) (the Israelite) = Rahab (Rachab)

Boaz = Ruth of Moab

Obed

Jesse

David, King of Judah, King of Israel = Bathsheba

Solomon ben David

Roboam (Rehoboam) ha-David, King of Judea of Israel

Abia/Abijah ha David, King of Judea or Israel = Maacah

Asa (Asaph) ha-David, King of Judea= Azubah, Queen of Judea

Jehosapat/Josaphat, King of Judah

Jehoram (Joram) ha-David, King of Judah

Ozias (Ahaziah Ochozias) ha-David, King of Judah

Joash ha-David, King of Judah

Amaziah (Amasias) ha-David, King of Judah

Uzziah (Azariah), ha-David, King of Judah

Joatham (Jotham) ha-David, King of Judah

Ahaz (Achaz) ha-David, King of Judah = Abijah of Israel

Ezechias (Hezekiah) ha David, King of Judah

Manasses ha-David, King of Judah

Amon ha-David, King of Judah

Josias/Josiah ha-David = Hamutal (Hamnutal) bat Jeremiah mi-Libnah, daughter of

Jeremiah “the Prophet”

Zedekiah (Mattaniah) ha-David of Judah

Tamar (Tephi) of Judah = Heremon Mac Miled, 2nd Monarch of Ireland, aka Kirsehmon.

His line can be traced back to Noah. His mother was Scota, Princess of Egypt.

Irial (Iarel Eurialus) Faidh (Faith) Mac Eremoin, High King of Ireland

Ethrail/Eithriall Mac Iarel Faith of Ireland

Follac Mac Ethrel of Ireland

Tighernmas (Tighearnmhas) Mac Etherel

Eiobiothad Mac Tigernmas, Prince of Ireland

Smiorgall Mac Enboth, Prince of Ireland

Fiachu Labrainn (Flacha Labhrin) Mac Smirgoll, 18th Monarch of Ireland

Aeneas (Aengus Aonghus) Olmucaidh Mac Fiachach, 20th Monarch of Ireland

Maen Mac Aengusa, Prince of Ireland

Rothectaid Rigderg, Mac Moen, 22nd Monarch of Ireland

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 19

Deman (Dian Dein Den) Mac Rothectaid, Prince of Ireland

Sirna Sirsaeglac Mac Dian, 34th Monarch of Ireland

Olioll Ochaoin Fionn Fail, Prince of Ireland

Giallchade, 37th Monarch of Ireland

Nuahhas (Nuadha) Fionn Fail, 39th Monarch of Ireland

Aedham (Aodhan) Glas, Prince of Ireland

Simon (Simeon ) Breach, 44th Monarch of Ireland

Murchad (Muirradhach) Balgrach Mac Simon, 46th Monarch of Ireland

Fiacha (Fiachaidh) Folgrach, 55th Monarch of Ieland

Eochy Buadech Mac Duach = Tamar Tephi ha-David

Augaine Mor Mac Echach

Cobthach Caol Breagh, 69th Monarch of Ireland

Melghe Molbthach/Meilage, 71st Monarch of Ireland

Irereo (Iarraingleo/Jaran) Gleofathach Fatach/Gleoathach, 74th Monarch of Ireland

Connla (Conla, Conla) Cruaich, 76th Monarch of Ireland

Oiloilla (Ailill) Caisfhiaclach, 77th Monarch of Ireland

Eochaid/Eochairdh Foltleathan/Ailtle Athair , 79th Monarch of Ireland

Aonghus/Aengus TuirImheach/Tuirbheach Teamrach (Mac Fer?), 81st Monarch of

Ireland = N. N. ingen Aengusa

Fiachra/Fiachu Firmara Mac Aengusa

Ailill Erann Mac Fiachach

Feradach/Feredaig (Vere-daigh) Mac Ailella

Forga Mac Feradaig

Maine Mor Mac Forga

Airndil Mac Maine

Rothrer Mac Airndll

Trer Mac Rothrer

Roshin Mac Trer (O’Haongus)

Sin Mac Roshin

Dedad Mac Sin

Iar Mac Dedad

Ailill Anglonnach Mac Iar

Eogan (Eoghan) Mac Ailella (O’Haongus)

Eterscel (Etercel) Mac Eogan

Conaire (I)

Cairpre (Cairbre) Finn Mor Mac Conaire

Daire Dornmor Mac Cairpre

Cairpre (Cairbre) Crommchenn Mac Daire

Lugaid (Lughaidh) Allathach Mac Cairpre

Mug Lama (Modha) Mac Lugaid

Conaire (II) Mac Moga Lama

Eochaid (Eochaidh) Riada Mac Conaire

Fiachra Cathmail Mac Eochaid

Eochair Antoit Mac Fiachre

Achir Cirre Mac Echach

Finn Fiacc Mac Achir

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 20

Cruithluithe Mac Finn

Senchormac Mac Cruithluithe

Fedelmid Ruamnach Mac Senchormac

Aengus Buiding (Buiaidnech) Mac Feideilmid

Fedelmid Aislingish Mac Angusa

Aengus (Aohgnus) Fert Mac Feideilmid, possibly Prince of Ireland

Eochaid Munrevar (Muinremur), King of Irish Dalriada

Erc/Ercc of Dal n’Araide, King of Irish Dalriada = Misi/Mist

Fergus Mor, King of Dalriada

Domangart = Feldelm (Fedelmia) Foltchain, Queen of Dalriada

Gabran, King of Dalriadan Scots = Lluan, daughter of Prince Brychan II of Manau and

Ingenach, Princess of Strathclyde

Aedan (Aldanus) Mac Grabran, King of Dalriada = Igerna del Acqs

Domnall (Donald) Brec (Breck), King of Dalriada

Domangart

Eochaid II King of Argyll/Dalriada = Spondana of the Picts

Eochaid Angbaid Mac Echach of Argyll

Aed/Aid/Aedh Find Mac Echdach of Aryll Finn, King of Dalriada

Eochaid IV Mac Aeda Argyll = Unuisticc of Fortrenn

Alpin, King of Scots/King of Kintyre = N. N. of Picts, Princess of Picts

Kenneth I/Cinead I MacAlpin I, King of Scots and Picts

Causantin/Constantine I, King of Scots

Donald II/Domnall Mac Causantin, King of Scots

Malcolm (Mael-Coluim) I Mac Domnail, King of Scots

Kenneth II (Cináed) mac Mael-Coluim), King of Scots = N. N. of Leinster

Malcolm II/Mael-Coluim II, Mac Cineada, King of Scots = Aelfigu

Bethoc, Princess of Scots, heiress = Crinan, Thane of Atholl

Donnchad/Duncan I, King of Scots = Sibyl/Suthen Fitz Siward of Northumbria, Danish

Jarl of Northumbria

Malcolm III Canmore (Caenmore) King of Scots = St. Margeret “Aetheling,” Princess of

England

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 21

Lines from Abraham and David through Makhir/Theodoric of Toulouse

This line was not widely known until the Web gave it visibility. It is the result of some excellent research done by Arthur J. Zuckerman and published in the book A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France 768-900, New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.

Many permutations of lines from Makhir run through all of the European royal families and early American colonists, especially those in New England. Anyone who is descended from the early Plantagenets has them.

There are two possible explanations for the ancestry of Makhir. I give Zuckerman’s first, which indicates that Makhir came either directly from Babylonia or was the son of a man who came to Spain from Babylonia. The second is that Makhir was actually of Merovingian heritage. It is possible that were Merovingians who were practicing Jews in Septimania. Septimania had a large Jewish population, much of which was descended from people who had settled there before the Diaspora. Where did they go? When the Roman Church began to persecute Jews in France in the early days of the Inquisition, some Jews moved to Italy and others to Spain until they were ultimately driven out of Spain. A great many Jews were slaughtered right along with everyone else in the Albigensian Crusade. The crusaders killed everyone, saying “God will know his own.” Some people became Crypto-Jews, that is, they outwardly converted to Christianity but privately maintained their Jewish faith and practices. Others left France and moved into what is now Germany and became a part of the Ashkenazic community there.

Line 1 from Abraham and King David through Makhir/Theodoric of Toulouse,

Exilarch in the Jewish Kingdom of Septimania, tracing a route into Babylon

Abraham = Sarai (Sarah) (Princess) bint Haran

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebakah bint Betheuel

Jacob ibn Isaac (King of goshen) = Leah bint Laban

Judah (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamar

Perez (Phares) 1738? BCE of Israel

Hezron (Esron) of Israel

Ram, (Aram) (Prince) of Israel

Aminadab (Amminadab) of Israel

Nashon (Naasson) (the Israelite)

Salmon (Salma) (the Israelite) = Rahab (Rachab)

Boaz = Ruth of Moab

Obed

Jesse

David, King of Judah, King of Israel = Bathsheba

Solomon ben David

Roboam (Rehoboam) ha-David, King of Judea of Israel

Abia/Abijah ha David, King of Judea or Israel = Maacah

Asa (Asaph) ha-David, King of Judea= Azubah, Queen of Judea

Jehosapat/Josaphat, King of Judah

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 22

Jehoram (Joram) ha-David, King of Judah

Ozias (Ahaziah Ochozias) ha-David, King of Judah

Joash ha-David, King of Judah

Amaziah (Amasias) ha-David, King of Judah

Uzziah (Azariah), ha-David, King of Judah

Joatham (Jotham) ha-David, King of Judah

Ahaz (Achaz) ha-David, King of Judah = Abijah of Israel

Ezechias (Hezekiah) ha David, King of Judah

Manasses ha-David, King of Judah

Amon ha-David, King of Judah

Josias/Josiah ha-David = Hamutal (Hamnutal) bat Jeremiah mi-Libnah, daughter of

Jeremiah “the Prophet”

Eliakim ha-David, King of Judah = Nehusta of Jerusalem

Jeconian/Jehioachin/Jechoniah ha-David

Pediah (shealtiel, Salathiel) ha-David

Zerubabbel/Zorobabel ha-David

Haniniah ha-David

Jeshiah ha-David

Rephiah ha-David

Arnan ha-David

Obadiah ha-David

Shecaniah ha-David

Shemiah ha-David

Neriah ha-David

Elioinai ha-David

Akkub ha-David = N. N. bat Hizkiah ha-David

Johanen ha-David

Shephat ha-David

Hanan (Anani) ha-David = N. N. bat Abba Arikha

Nathan (I) ’Ukba ha-David

Nehemiah (I) ha David

’Uqba (II) ben Nehemiah ha-David

Abba Mari ha-David

Nathan II (Kahani I) ha-David

Zutra ben Nathan ha-David

Kahana ben Zutra ha-David

Huna VI ben Kahana ha-David Exilarch at Babylon

Zutra/Ahunai ben Huna ha-David

Huna/hunai ben Zutra ha-David

Kafnai (Hofnai) ha-David, Exilarch at Babylon

Bustani/Mustani ben Hanina David, Exilarch at Babylon

Hanini ben Bustani

Nehemiah/Nechimiah ben Hanini David

Natronai/Nafronai ben Nehemiah ha-David

Haninai ben Natronai ha-David

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 23

Makhir/Theodoric (Thierry, Aymeri) of Toulouse, King of the Jews at Narbonne =

Auda, daughter of Charles Martel and Rotrud

William (Isaac/Nathan) Narbonee David of Gellone, 2nd Count of Toulouse = Gilbour of Hornbach

Bernard Naso David Count of Autun, Margrave of Septimania = Dhoude

Caroling of Gascony, daughter of Charlemagne and Hildegarde of Linzgau

Roselinde (Regelinde) of Septimania David, heiress = Wulgrim, Count of Agen

William I of Perigord, Count of Perigord and Agen = Regelinde of Neustria

Emme of Perigord = Boso I, Count de la Marche

Adalbert I, count of the Haute Marche and Perigord = Almode of Limoges

Bernard I of the Haute Marche = Amilie, Countess of Aubnay

Almode/Almodis de la Haute Marche = Pons II, count of Toulouse, Albi and Dijon

Almode had children from three husbands

William IV, Count of Toulouse = Emma de Mortain, daughter of Robert de Mortain, Earl

of Cornwall and Moreton and Maud/Matilda de Montgomery

Philippa (Matilda/Maud), Countess of Toulouse = Guillaume VII of Poitou, Duke of

Aquitaine

Guillaume X, Duke of Aquitaine = Eleanor de Chasterault de la Rouchefoucauld

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Princess of Aquitaine = Henry II Plantagenet, King of England

A number of permutations are available along this line, both before and after Eleanor of

Aquitaine.

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 24

Line 2 from Abraham and King David through Makhir/Theodoric of Toulouse,

Exilarch in the Jewish Kingdom of Septimania ,Tracing a Merovingian Route from

the Desposyni

Abraham (Abram/(Ibrahim) = Sarah/Sarai bint Haran, Princess

Isaac ibn Abraham = Rebekah bint Bethuel

Jacob (Israel) ibn isaac, King of Goshen = Leah bint Laban

Judah (Judas) ibn Jacob = Tamar

Perez (Phares) 1738? BCE of Israel

Hezron (Esron) of Israel

Ram, (Aram) (Prince) of Israel

Aminadab (Amminadab) of Israel

Nashon (Naasson) (the Israelite)

Salmon (Salma) (the Israelite) = Rahab (Rachab)

Boaz = Ruth of Moab

Obed the Ephrathite

Jesse ben Obed

David, King of Judah and Israel = 9th wife of David of Judah and Israel (or Bathsheba)

Nathan ha-David

Mattatha (Mathatha Mattathan)ha- David

Menna (Menam/Menon) ha-David

Melea ha-David

Eliakim ha-David

Jonan (Jonam) ha-David

Joseph ben Jonan ha-David

Judah (Judas/Jude) ben Joseph ha-David

Simeon ben Judah ha-David

Levi ben Simeon ha-David

Matthat/Mathat ben Levi ha-David

Jorim ha-David

Eliazer (Eliezer) ben Jorim ha-David

Jesus (Jose, Joshua) ben Eleazer ha-David

Er (Her) ben Jesus ha-David

Emadam (Helmadan Elmodam) ha-David

Cosam ha-David

Addi ben Cosam ha-David

Melchi (Melki) ha-David

Neri (Neriah) ha-David = Tamar (of Davidic dynasty)

Salathial (Shealtiel) ha-David

Zorobabel ha-David (aka Sheshbazzar (Zerubbabel) = Esther ha-David

Rhesa

Joanna (m)

Juda

Joseph

Semei

Mattathias

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 25

Maath

Naage

Esli

Naum

Amos

Mattathias II (Tobias), Temple Governor = Yalpath

Joseph, Temple Governor

Janna

Melchi, Head of the Sanhedrin

Levi

Matthan

Jacob Heli = Gadat

Joseph = Mary

Jesus (Yehoshua) = Mary Magdalene, High Priestess of Dan

Josue del Graal

Aminadab = Eurgen (both descendants of Abraham and David via the Desposyni)

Catheloys (Castellors)

Manael

Titurel

Frimutel

Boaz (Anfortas)

Frotmund

Pharamond of the Franks, 1st King of all the Franks = Argotta of the Sicambri. Princess

of East Franks (also a descendant of Abraham, through the Desposyni)

Clodiun “the Long-haired” of Tournai, King of the Salic Franks = Basina I of Thuringia

Merovee = Siegse

Merovee/Meroveus “the Young”, King of the Salic Franks = Meira

Childeric I Meroving, King of the Salian Franks

Clovis I/Chlodovech “The Great”, King of the Franks

Clothaire I, King of Soissons

Chilperic I, King of Neustria = Fredegund/Fredegonde

Clothaire II, King of Neustria

Dagobert I “the Great” of Austrasia, King of the Franks

Siegbert II, King of Austrasia = Immachilde/Chimnechild of Swabia/Burgundy

Dagobert II, King of Austrasia = Gisla de Razès

Sigisbert III/IV/I Meroving, Comte de Razès

Sigebert IV/V/II “The Hermit Prince”, Comte de Razès

Makhir/Theodoric (Thierry, Aymeri) of Toulouse, King of the Jews at Narbonne =

Auda, daughter of Charles Martel and Rotrud

William (Isaac/Nathan) Narbonee David of Gellone, 2nd Count of Toulouse = Gilbour

of Hornbach

Bernard Naso David Count of Autun, Margrave of Septimania = Dhoude Caroling of

Gascony, daughter of Charlemagne and Hildegarde of Linzgau

Roselinde (Regelinde) of Septimania David, heiress = Wulgrim, Count of Agen

William I of Perigord, Count of Perigord and Agen = Regelinde of Neustria

Emme of Perigord = Boso I, Count de la Marche

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 26

Adalbert I, count of the Haute Marche and Perigord = Almode of Limoges

Bernard I of the Haute Marche = Amilie, Countess of Aubnay

Almode/Almodis de la Haute Marche = Pons II, count of Toulouse, Albi and Dijon

Almode had children from three husbands

William IV, Count of Toulouse = Emma de Mortain, daughter of Robert de Mortain, Earl

of Cornwall and Moreton and Maud/Matilda de Montgomery

Philippa (Matilda/Maud), Countess of Toulouse = Guillaume VII of Poitou, Duke of

Aquitaine

Guillaume X, Duke of Aquitaine = Eleanor de Chasterault de la Rouchefoucauld

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Princess of Aquitaine = Henry II Plantagenet, King of England

A number of permutations are available along this line, both before and after Eleanor of

Aquitaine.

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 27

Lines from Abraham (Abram) to Muslims in Spain and into European Royalty

There has been a certain amount of conjecture about whether or not Isabel/Zaida,

Maria, Ximena (shown in bold below) was actually the mother of Theresa of Castile.

The conjecture has become more accepted recently, especially when a Latin scholar

actually read the documents.

Line 1 from Abraham to Muslims in Spain etc.

Abraham (Abram) = Hagar, the Egyptian

Ishmael (Isma’il) = Ra’la bint Mudad

Nebit (Nebajoth) ibn Ishmael

Yashjub ibn Nabit

Ya’rub ibn Yashjub

Nahur/Nuhur ibn Ya’rub

Mugawwam ibn Nahur

Udad ibn Mugwwam

Adnam/Adnan ibn Idad

Ma’add ibn Adnan

Nizar ibn Ma’add

Mudar (Modhar) ibn Nizar = Al Riyab

Ilyas ibn Mudhar = Layla bani Khindif Codhaite

Amr Mudrika = Salma

Khuzayma ibn Mudrika = Hind ‘Usana

Kinawa ibn Khuzayama = Barra

Quays al-Nadr = Ikrisha

Malik ibn Al-Nadr = Jandala

Fihr Quraysh (Quraish) = Layla

Ghalil of Ghalib ibn Fihr = Atika

Lu’ayy ibn Ghalib/Ghalil = Mawiya

Kab ibn Lu’ayy = Makhshiya

Murra ibn Kab = Hind

Kilab/Kalab ibn Murra = Fatima

Qusayy Zaid “Munjammi”, Gov. of Mecca = Hubba/Hobba bint Holeil, Princess of the

Khozaites

Abd al-Manaf al Mujira

Hasham al’ Muttalib = Atika of the Bani Cays Aylan

Abd al-Mattalib/Muttalib Shayba al Hamd = Fatima bint ‘Amr of Makhzum

‘Abd Manaf abu Talib ibn Al-Muttalib = Fatima bint Ashar ibn Hashim

Ali ben Abu Talib/ibn Abi Talif, 4th Caliph in Iraq = Fatima bint Amr

Al- Hasan al- Sibt = Jada bint al-Ash’ath

Husayn

Zahra = Abu Farisi of al-Hira

Naim of al-Lakhmi

Itaf ibn Ma’im

‘Amr ibn Itaf

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 28

Aslan ibn ’Amr

Abbad ibn Aslan

Quara’is ibn Abbad

Isma’il ibn Quara’is, Iman of Seville = N. N., daughter if Isma’il Al-Mansur, 3rd Caliph

of Egypt

Muhammad I of Seville (prosperous land owner and local judge)

Muhammad II, King of Seville = N. N. of the Balereac Isles

Muhammad III, King of Seville = Beatrice of Aquitaine, daughter of Count William VI

(VII) of Aquitaine

Isabel (Zaida, Maria, Ximena), Princess of Seville = Alfonso VI “the Brave” King of

Castile, Navarre and Leon

Theresa of Castile and Leon = Henry I, Count of Burgundy and Portugal

Alfonso I Henriques, first king of Portugal = Maud/Matilda, Countess of Savoy

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 29

Line 2 from Abraham to Muslims in Spain via Muhammad the Prophet etc.

There has been a certain amount of conjecture about whether or not Isabel/Zaida,

MHaria, Ximena (shown in bold below) was actually the mother of Theresa of Castile.

The conjecture has become more accepted recently.

Abraham (Abram) = Hagar, the Egyptian

Ishmael (Isma’il) = Ra’la bint Mudad

Nebit (Nebajoth) ibn Ishmael

Yashjub ibn Nabit

Ya’rub ibn Yashjub

Nahur/Nuhur ibn Ya’rub

Mugawwam ibn Nahur

Udad ibn Mugwwam

Adnam/Adnan ibn Idad

Ma’add ibn Adnan

Nizar ibn Ma’add

Mudar (Modhar) ibn Nizar = Al Riyab

Ilyas ibn Mudhar = Layla bani Khindif Codhaite

Amr Mudrika = Salma

Khuzayma ibn Mudrika = Hind ‘Usana

Kinawa ibn Khuzayama = Barra

Quays al-Nadr = Ikrisha

Malik ibn Al-Nadr = Jandala

Fihr Quraysh (Quraish) = Layla

Ghalil of Ghalib ibn Fihr = Atika

Lu’ayy ibn Ghalib/Ghalil = Mawiya

Kab ibn Lu’ayy = Makhshiya

Murra ibn Kab = Hind

Kilab/Kalab ibn Murra = Fatima

Qusayy Zaid “Munjammi”, Gov. of Mecca = Hubba/Hobba bint Holeil, Princess of the

Khozaites

Adb-al-Uzza

Asad

Khuwailid

Khadiya Quarashi = Muhammad, the Prophet

Fatima bint ‘Amr = Ali ben Abu Talib/ibn Abi Talif, 4th Caliph in Iraq

Al- Hasan al- Sibt = Jada bint al-Ash’ath

Husayn

Zahra = Abu Farisi of al-Hira

Naim of al-Lakhmi

Itaf ibn Ma’im

‘Amr ibn Itaf

Aslan ibn ’Amr

Abbad ibn Aslan

Quara’is ibn Abbad

Seemingly Unrelated Threads 30

Isma’il ibn Quara’is, Iman of Seville = N. N., daughter if Isma’il Al-Mansur, 3rd Caliph

of Egypt

Muhammad I of Seville (prosperous land owner and local judge)

Muhammad II, King of Seville = N. N. of the Balereac Isles

Muhammad III, King of Seville = Beatrice of Aquitaine, daughter of Count William VI

(VII) of Aquitaine

Isabel (Zaida, Maria, Ximena), Princess of Seville = Alfonso VI “the Brave” King of

Castile, Navarre and Leon

Theresa of Castile and Leon = Henry I, Count of Burgundy and Portugal

Alfonso I Henriques, first king of Portugal = Maud/Matilda, Countess of Savoy

http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi1-oPi4eDJAhVS3mMKHd6ZDhYQFggfMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcseweb.ucsd.edu%2F~wgg%2FGenealogy%2Frelatedthreads.pdf&usg=AFQjCNEzdoPi8xXbnRlQS9pkykGM5vyFKQ&bvm=bv.110151844,d.cGc

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1 Comment

  1. After two years of researching. I can prove in my genealogy this is true. Only buy chance through going over my research, You’re more than welcome to nose into my public ancestry tree. I have traced my line through everything mentioned. Can even list most name in the Christian Bible as well as Hebrew Texts. How far I have fallen.

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