King Abdullah dies at 90

1976 – First visit to the United States, he meets with President Gerald Ford.

October 1987 – Second visit to the United States, Crown Prince Abdullah meets with President George H.W. Bush.

September 1998 – Meets with President Bill Clinton in the United States.

February 2002 – Proposes a comprehensive peace plan to address the violence in Jerusalem and other Israeli-Palestinian areas. It is the first such plan introduced by an Arab nation since 1947. The initiative attempts to end the Arab–Israeli conflict, which means normalizing relations between the entire Arab region and Israel, in exchange for a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories (including East Jerusalem) and a “just settlement” of the Palestinian refugee crisis based on UN Resolution 194 (which calls for a diplomatic resolution to the conflict and resolves that any refugees “wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors” should be able to do so or, if they otherwise wish, should be provided with compensation). The Arab Peace Initiative was re-endorsed at the Riyadh Summit in 2007.

April 25, 2002 – Meets with President George W. Bush at the president’s ranch in Crawford, Texas.

2005 – Meets with President George W. Bush at the president’s ranch in Crawford, Texas.

2008 – King Abdullah hosts President George W. Bush at the royal ranch in Jenadriyah

2009: President Barack Obama meets with King Abdullah

March 28, 2014: President Barack Obama meets with King Abdullah

Former US president George HW Bush has said he is “deeply saddened” to learn of the death of King Abdullah, who he describes as a “dear friend and partner”. “As President, I found His Majesty always to be a wise and reliable ally, helping out nations build on a strategic relationship and enduring friendship”.

Former President George W. Bush, called the king “an important and able ally and a force for modernization in his country.”

President Barack Obama said, “As a leader, he was always candid and had the courage of his convictions,” Obama said. “One of those convictions was his steadfast and passionate belief in the importance of the U.S.-Saudi relationship as a force for stability and security in the Middle East and beyond.”

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker, R-Tenn., said, “King Abdullah was a strong ally of the United States and clear-eyed about many of the challenges the Saudi kingdom faces at home and abroad.”

The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) has been aided by the continuing failure of the US Government to investigate the role of Saudi Arabia in the 9/11 attacks and its support of jihadi movements such as al-Qaeda in the years since, says former Senator Bob Graham, the co-chairman of the official inquiry into 9/11.

Senator Graham, who chaired the Senate Intelligence Committee, said that successive administrations in Washington had turned a blind eye to Saudi support for Sunni extremists. He added: “I believe that the failure to shine a full light on Saudi actions and particularly its involvement in 9/11 has contributed to the Saudi ability to continue to engage in actions that are damaging to the US – and in particular their support for Isis.”

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