The Day of Judgment – Prophecy of Peace – Mahdi, Jesus the Messiah, Antichrist
Islamic – Twelve Major Signs of Qiyamah
Following the second period, the third will be marked by the twelve major signs known as amaratu’s-sa’ah al- kubra. The first three are as follows:
- The first sign will be the appearance of the twelfth imam, Mahdi, whose appearance is awaited by the angel Israfil, so that he may sound the horn signaling the end of days. The natural order will become reversed, including the sun, mountains and sea. Appearance of the Mahdi atop a white horse
- The false messiah, Masih ad-Dajjal (Antichrist), shall appear as a great beast-like creature with one eye good and the other blind, and the mark of Kafir. He will claim to hold keys to heaven and hell and lead many astray, although believers will not be deceived.
- Isa, or Jesus, shall return from the seventh sky to assist the Mahdi against Dajjal
And He completed them as seven heavens within two days and inspired in each heaven its command. And We adorned the nearest heaven with lamps and as protection. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing. (Surat Fuşşilat 41:12)
Israfil is the angel of the trumpet in Islam, though unnamed in the Qur’an. Along with Mikhail, Jibrail and Izra’il, he is one of the four Islamic archangels. Israfil will blow the trumpet from a holy rock in Jerusalem to announce the Day of Resurrection. In Judeo-Christian biblical literature, Raphael is the counterpart of Isrāfīl.
Every soul will taste death, and you will only be given your [full] compensation on the Day of Resurrection. So he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise has attained [his desire]. And what is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion. (Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3:179)
The hadith describe end time with more specificity than the Qur’an, describing the events of al-Qiyamah through twelve major signs. At the time of judgment, terrible corruption and chaos will rule. The Mahdi will be sent and with the help of Isa (Jesus Christ) will battle Masih ad-Dajjal. They will triumph, liberating Islam from cruelty, and this will be followed by a time of serenity with people living true to religious values.
Muslim doctrine is often summarized in “Six Articles of Faith.”
According to this list, to be a Muslim one must believe in:
- One God;
- The angels of God;
- The books of God, especially the Qur’an;
- The prophets of God, especially Muhammad;
- The Day of Judgment (or the afterlife); and
- The supremacy of God’s will (or predestination).
Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabeans [before Prophet Muhammad] – those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness – will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve. (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:62)
Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael – then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers. (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:98)
He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. (Surat ‘Āli `Imrān 3:3)
Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” So if they believe in the same as you believe in, then they have been [rightly] guided; but if they turn away, they are only in dissension, and Allah will be sufficient for you against them. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing. (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:136-137)
The Jews say “The Christians have nothing [true] to stand on,” and the Christians say, “The Jews have nothing to stand on,” although they [both] recite the Scripture. Thus the polytheists speak the same as their words. But Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which they used to differ. (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:113)
The Day of Judgment or Resurrection, al-Qiyāmah, is one of the six articles of faith in Islam. The tribulation associated with it is described in the Qur’an and hadith, and commentaries of Islamic expositors like al-Ghazali, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Majah, al-Bukhari, and Ibn Khuzaymah. The Day of Judgment is also known as the Day of Reckoning, the Hour, and the Last Day. The Day of Judgment or Resurrection, al-Qiyāmah, relates to one of the six aqīdah in Sunni Islam, and seven aqidah in Shī‘a belief. We are currently in the second period, with the end of days beginning with the appearance of Mahdi.
Al-Mahdi (guided one)
Hadith being the primary source of his descriptions, there is no reference to the Mahdi in the Quran. His appearance will be the first sign of the third period. Hadith write that he will be a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and cousin Ali. The Mahdi will be looked upon to kill Al-Dajjal and end the prevalent disintegration of the Muslim community to prepare for the reign of Jesus who will rule for a time after. The Mahdi will similarly kill all enemies of the Prophet and fulfill the prophetic mission as a vision of justice and peace before following Jesus’ rule.
Twelver Shia Islam believes that al-Mahdi is the current Imam, and will emerge at the end of the current age as the Ahmadi described in scripture. Some scholars say that, although unnoticed by others present, the Mahdi of Twelver Shi’a Islam continues to make an annual pilgrimage while he resides outside of Mecca. In distinction, Sunni Islam foresees him as a separate and new prophet.
At the time Imam Mahdi will have proceeded forward to lead the Fajr Salaat. The Iqamat of the Salaat would have been said (already recited) and Imam Mahdi will call Hadhrat Isa (Jesus) for Imamat (to lead the prayer), but he (Hadhrat Isa (Jesus)) will instead tell Imam Mahdi to lead the prayer since the Iqamat of that Salaat has already been said for him. Thus Imam Mahdi will lead the prayer, and Hadhrat Isa (Jesus) will follow him. After the ruku, he will make this statement: “Allah has killed Dajjal and the Muslims have appeared.”
On seeing Jesus, Imam Mahdi will take a couple of steps backwards so Prophet Jesus can lead the prayer however Prophet Jesus will place his hands on the Imaam’s shoulder and will say, ”Go forward and lead the prayer as the Iqamah was made for you” thus Imaam Mahdi will lead the prayer. (Abu Umamah/ Ibne-Majah). After the prayer Prophet Jesus will say, ”Open the gate”. The gate will be opened and the Dajjal will be waiting behind it. The Dajjal on seeing Prophet Jesus will begin to dissolve like salt in water and will begin to flee. Jesus will say to him, ”You will remain alive until I strike you with my spear, ”He will catch up with him at the Eastern gate of Ludd – some say that it is a village in Jerusalem, and some say that it is a village in Palestine.
As written in hadith:
Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah said, “By Him in whose hands my soul rests! It is definitely close in that time that Isa, Son of Maryam descends amongst you as a just ruler. He will break the cross, kill the swine and abolish jaziya. And money will abound in such access that no one will accept it.
—Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad, vol 2, p. 240
Hadith reference both the Mahdi and Isa simultaneously and the return of the Mahdi will coincide with the return of Christ. He will descend from the heavens in al-Quds at dawn. The two will meet, and Mahdi will lead the people in fajr prayer. After the prayer, they will open a gate to the west and encounter Masih ad-Dajjal. After the defeat of ad-Dajjal, Isa (Jesus) will lead a peaceful forty-year reign until his death. Though the two most certainly differ regarding their role and persona in Islamic eschatology, the figures of the Mahdi and Isa are ultimately inseparable for according to the Prophet. Though Isa is said to descend upon the world once again, the Mahdi will already be present.
What will be your reaction when the son of Mary (Jesus) descends and your Imam is from among yourselves? (Sahih Muslim, bab nuzul ‘isa, Vol. 2; Sahih Bukhari, kitab bad’ al-khalq wa nuzul ‘isa, Vol. 4)
The return of Jesus Christ, from the seventh sky to assist the Mahdi against Dajjal. The Mahdi will be looked upon to kill Al-Dajjal and end the prevalent disintegration of the Muslim community to prepare for the reign of Jesus who will rule for a time after. The Mahdi will similarly kill all enemies of the Prophet and fulfill the prophetic mission as a vision of justice and peace before following Jesus’ rule. And will Eye Jerusalem and the Dome as his Home. He will be helped by angels and others that will prepare the way for him.
There are many opinions concerning Al Mahdi, Imam Mahdi ,al Muntazar and it has been said that there is no Mahdi except Jesus. The authentic reports followed by truthful people is that Al Mahdi, Imam Mahdi ,al Muntazar is other than Jesus and that he will come before Jesus descends from the heavens. Sunnis also believe that Jesus will return alongside the Mahdi, with the only difference being that they disagree with the Shia regarding exactly who the Mahdi is.
Isa is the Arabic name for Jesus Christ, and his return is considered the third major sign of last days, while the second is the appearance of Masih ad-Dajjal. Although Muhammad is the preeminent Prophet in Islam, Jesus is the only Prophet who is said not to have died but rather raised up by Allah. Thus, in accordance with post-Quranic legend, he could conceivably return to Earth as a just judge before the Day of Judgment.
And indeed, Jesus will be a sign for knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path. (Surat Az-Zukhruf 43:61)
Indeed the vast majority of Muslin commentators take (Surat Az-Zukhruf 43:61) to be a prophecy of the descension of Jesus to earth, an interpretation sustained for centuries in Muslim writings. The anticipated event has become known as the nuzul-i-Isa, the “descension of Jesus”.
Then do they await except that the Hour should come upon them unexpectedly? But already there have come some of its indications. Then what good to them, when it has come, will be their remembrance? (Surat Muhammad 47:18)
Islam teaches that he will return from heaven, that he will destroy the Antichrist and all his host, that he will lead all true believers into an era of unprecedented bliss and prosperity, that he will rule over all earth, and that he will establish a universal faith God during his reign. To the extent that these beliefs can be transferred to a heavenly rule in an eternal kingdom, Christians can agree with Muslims.
There is no prophet between me and him, that is Jesus (peace be upon him). He will descend (to earth). When you see him, recognise him: a man medium height, reddish hair, wearing two light low garments, looking as if drops were falling from his head though it will not be wet. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol.3, p.1203).
[Mention] when Allah said, “O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ. –Surat ‘Ali `Imran (3:55)
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;- —Qur’an, sura 4 (An-Nisa) ayat 157-158
Interpretation is expounded by both certain Islamic philosophers and some Sufi and Isma’ili commentators so as to unite Islam, Christianity and Judaism into a single religious continuum. Making use of the New Testament’s distinguishing between Jesus, Son of Man, – being the physical human Jesus – and Christ, Son of God, – being The Holy Spirit of God residing in the body of Jesus – The Holy Spirit, being immortal and immaterial, is not subject to crucifixion, for it can never die, nor can it be touched by the earthly nails of the crucifixion, for it is a being of pure spirit. Yet the body that was Jesus was sacrificed on the cross, thereby bringing the Old Testament to final fulfillment.
Thus Qur’anic passages on the death of Jesus affirm that while the Pharisees intended to destroy The Son of God completely, they, in fact, succeeded only in killing The Son of Man, being his nasut (material being). Meanwhile, The Son of God, being his lahut (spiritual being) remained alive and undying – for it is The Holy Spirit.
It is universally believed, in both the Christian and the Muslim worlds, that Jesus will come again to this world at the end of the age. Although the two religions differ in their estimate of how he shall appear and what he is due to accomplish when he returns, they both unanimously teach that he will return from the heavenly places heralding the climax of human history. It is surely incumbent, therefore, on every Christian and Muslim, to analyse this great anticipated event and to discover the real meaning and purpose of his advent and to simultaneously come to know the true identity and character of the central figure in what will surely be one of the greatest spectacles of history.
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain. And he seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years, and threw him into the pit, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he might not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be released for a little while. Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. (Revelation 20:1-5)
At His ascension, the veil was removed and the Son appeared in glory, (Acts. 7 v.55-56) never to have that glory veiled again. When He returns to this earth to set His feet on the Mount of Olives, (Zech. 14 v.4) all who dwell on the earth “shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory”; (Matt. 24 v.30; Rev. 19 v.11-16)
I interpret that al-Mahdi will dwell in the Dome of the Rock and
Jesus will dwell in the Third Temple and they will be just rulers.