Censorship in the Scripture

Apocrypha: missing (hidden) books from the Bible

–         deleted from Bible in 1885 (some form had been included in the Bible for the previous 2000 years)
–         “hidden”, “esoteric”, “spurious”, “of questionable authenticity” – books that are included in the Septuagint and Vulgate but excluded from the Jewish and Protestant canons – writings which were kept secret because they were the vehicles of esoteric knowledge considered too profound or too sacred to be disclosed to anyone other than the initiated – texts were hidden away to protect the ruling Emperor from challenges to his status as Heaven’s choice as sovereign
–         i.e., previously, the Book of Revelation was regarded as apocrypha, while Shepherd of Hermas was considered genuine and included in the Codex Sinaiticus 

Old Testament Apocrypha (books excluded from the Bible)

Books of Adam
Book of Enoch
Second Book of Enoch (Book of the Watchers)
Third Book of Enoch (Book of Parables)
Book of Noah
Book of Odes
Book of the Penitence of Adam
Book of Splint
Book of Wisdom (Book of the Wisdom of Solomon)
Song of Songs of Solomon
Testament of Abraham
Testament of Adam
Testament of Isaac
Testament of Jacob
Testament of Job
Testament of Moses
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs
Apocalypse of Abraham
Apocalypse of Adam
Apocalypse of Daniel
Apocalypse of Elijah
Apocalypse of Moses
Apocalypse of Sedrach
Apocalypse of Zephaniah
Apocalypse of Zerubbabel
Greek Apocalypse of Ezra
Greek Apocalypse of Daniel
Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan
Life of Adam and Eve
1 Esdras
2 Esdras
1 Baruch
2 Baruch
3 Baruch
4 Baruch
Rest of the Words of Baruch
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
5 Maccabees
Angelic tongues
Apocalyptic literature
Apocryphon of Ezekiel
The Song of the Three Holy Children
Joseph and Aseneth *
Prayer of Joseph
Eighth the Holy (Sacred and Secret Book of Moses)
Assumption of Moses
The Sword of Moses
Questions of Ezra
Vision of Ezra
4 Ezra (2 Esdras)
History of the Captivity in Babylon
History of the Rechabites
Ascension of Isaiah
Ladder of Jacob
Penitence of Jamnes and Mambres
Letter of Jeremiah
Jubilees
Legend of the Rood
Letter of Aristeas
Lives of the Prophets
Prayer of Manasseh (Prayer of Manasses)
Meqabyan
Ocidelus
Ogias the Giant
Psalm 151
Psalms 152–155
Psalms of Solomon
Pseudo-Ezekiel
Pseudo-Philo
Pseudo-Phocylides
Sibylline oracles
Sirach
Daniel and Susanna (addition to Daniel)
The History of Susanna
Additions to Esther (additional verses)
Judith
Prayer of Azariah (addition to Daniel)
Ecclesiasticus
Tobit
Bel and the Dragon
Diatessaron
Zohar

* Aseneth (daughter of Pentephres, priest of Helipolis)

New Testament Apocrypha (books excluded from the Bible)

Gospel of Mary (Gospel of Mary Magdalene)
Gospel of Judas (Gospel of Judas Iscariot)
Gospel of the Nativity of Mary
Gospel of Barnabas
Gospel of Bartholomew (Questions of Bartholomew)
Gospel (Acts) of Nicodemus (Acts of Pontius Pilate)
Gospel of James
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Philip
Gospel of Thomas
Gospel of the Ebionites
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of the Nazarenes
Gospel of Marcion (mid 2nd century)
Gospel of Mani (3rd century)
Gospel of Apelles (mid-late 2nd century)
Gospel of Bardesanes (late 2nd – early 3rd century)
Gospel of Basilides (mid 2nd century)
Gospel of Nicodemus (Acts of Pilate)
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of Truth
Gospel of Eve
Gospel of the Four Heavenly Realms
Gospel of the Twelve
Gospel of the Seventy
Gospel of Matthias (probably different from the Gospel of Matthew)
Gospel of Perfection (used by the followers of Basilides and other Gnostics)
Gospel of Thaddaeus (this may be a synonym for the Gospel of Judas, confusing Judas Iscariot for Judas Thaddaeus)
Apocryphon of John (Secret Gospel of John)
Acts 29
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Andrew and Matthias
Acts of Barnabas
Acts of John
Acts of John the Theologian
Acts of the Martyrs
Acts of Paul
Acts of Paul and Thecla (she baptized herself)
Acts of Peter
Acts of Peter and Andrew
Acts of Peter and Paul
Acts of Peter and the Twelve
Acts of Philip
Acts of Thaddeus (Epistles of Pontius Pilate)
Acts of Thomas
Acts of Timothy
Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca
Acts and Martyrdom of St. Matthew the Apostle Apocalypse of John
Apocalypse of Thomas (Revelation of Thomas)
Apocalypse of Stephen (Revelation of Stephen)
Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius
Apocalypse of Peter (v.1 – distinct from the Gnostic Apocalypse of Peter)
Apocalypse of Peter (v.2 – distinct from the Gnostic Apocalypse of Peter)
Apocalypse of Paul (distinct from the Coptic Apocalypse of Paul)
First Apocalypse of James (First Revelation of James)
Second Apocalypse of James (Second Revelation)
Apostolic Constitutions (church regulations supposedly asserted by the apostles)
Apocryphon of James (Secret Book of James)
Apocryphon of John (long version)
The Secret Gospel of Mark
Book of John (concerning the dormition of Mary)
Book of James (protevangelium)
Book of John the Evangelist
Book of Thomas the Contender
Book of Nepos
Books of Jeu
Epistles of Jesus to Abgarus
Epistle of Jude
Epistle of the Apostles
Epistle of Barnabas
Epistles of Clement (I, II)
Epistle of the Corinthians to Paul
Epistle of Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans
Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians
Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians
Epistle to Diognetus
Epistle to the Laodiceans (an epistle in the name of Paul)
Epistle to Seneca the Younger (an epistle in the name of Paul)
Third Epistle to the Corinthians – accepted in the past by some in the Armenian Orthodox church
First Infancy Gospel of Jesus Christ
Infancy Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
Infancy Gospel of Thomas – Greek A
Infancy Gospel of Thomas – Greek B
Infancy Gospel of Thomas – Latin
History of Joseph the Carpenter
Narrative of Joseph of Arimathaea
The Home Going of Mary
The Falling asleep of the Mother of God
The Descent of Mary
Martyrdom of Bartholomew
Revelation of John the Theologian
The Martyrdom of Matthew
Letter of Peter to Philip
Teaching of Thaddeus
Consumation of Thomas
Diatession
Paul and Seneca
Avenging of the Saviour
Letter of Aristeas
Alexandrians
Muratonian Canon (fragment)
The Shepherd of Hermas
Egerton Gospel (Egerton Papyrus 2)
Traditions of Mattias
Preaching of Peter
Canons of the Apostles
Cave of Treasures (The Treasure)
Clementine literature
Didache – Teachings of the Apostles (possibly the first written catechism)
Liturgy of St James
Penitence of Origen
Prayer of Paul
Sentences of Sextus
Physiologus
Codex Sinaiticus
Resurrection of Jesus Christ (according to Bartholomew)
Dialogue of the Saviour
The Sophia of Jesus Christ
The Egerton Gospel
Coptic Apocalypse of Paul (distinct from the Apocalypse of Paul)
Greek Gospel of the Egyptians (distinct from the Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians)
Gnostic Apocalypse of Peter (distinct from the Apocalypse of Peter)
Pistis Sophia
Second Treatise of the Great Seth
Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians (distinct from the Greek Gospel of the Egyptians)
Trimorphic Protennoia
Ophite Diagrams
The Unknown Berlin Gospel (Gospel of the Saviour)
The Naassene Fragment
The Fayyum Fragment
The Oxyrhynchus Gospels
Memoria Apostolorum

Historical Record of Censorship 

–          60 years after the crucifixion of Christ, a group of Rabbi’s (survivors of the Roman annihilation of Jerusalem) met at Jamnia and canonized a Hebrew scripture specifically devoid of Greek writings
–          210 AD – excluded James and Jude (the brothers of Jesus – not apostolic)
–          315 AD – Eusebius included Revelation
–          315 AD – 27 books identified as New Testament
–          325 AD – Constantine – First Council of Nicaea – voted on the official religion
–          350 AD – some of Jesus’ own teachings were consider heresy
–          367 AD – The first list of “canonical” books that names the same twenty-seven writings found in our New Testament appears in the Easter letter of Athanasius , Bishop    of  Alexandria, Egypt
–          382 AD – Jerome – greek to latin (Latin Volgate – Acryphal excluded)
–          397 AD – Septuagint – Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible – begun in the third century BC
–          397 AD – Carthage – 27 books approved
–          400 AD – Bible had been translated into 500 languages
–          500 AD – Bible translation was reduced to only one language (latin)
–          1199 – pope Innocent III stated: “to be reproved are those who translate into French the Gospels
–          1209-1229 – Cathars – pope declared crusade against them
–          1229 – Council of Toulouse, set up a special ecclesiastical tribunal/court, known as the Inquisition
–          1229-1860 – Inquisition – religious persecution of any beliefs outside the Roman Catholic church
–          1384 – Caldees – Joseph of Aramathea – John Wycliffe
–          1408 – Archbishop of York, made it illegal for the Bible to be translated into English
–          1408 – Third Synod of Oxford, England, banned unauthorized English translations of the Bible
–          1516 – Erasmus Von Rodderdam – translated greek/latin New Testament transcripts to English
–          1522 – Martin Luther – German translation
–          1525 – William Tyndale completed a translation of the New Testament from the Greek – Church of England tried to confiscate and burn – he was arrested, strangled, and then burned at the stake in 1536
–          1537 – first English version of the Bible printed in England
–          1551 – current verse divisions of the Bible were not fully developed
–          1560 – GENEVA BIBLE
–          1611 – King James Bible (90% of the New Testament was taken from William Tyndale’s work)
–          1663 – the first Bible printed in the US
–          1792 – Brown’s Family Bible
–          1769 – 66 books contained in the edition of the authorized King James Bible
–          1945 – Gnostic Gospels – 6 books
–          1947 – Dead Sea Scrolls found
–          1970 – Gospel of Judas found

Writings by the siblings of Jesus (only 25 verses accepted into the Bible)

–          Jesus had four brothers: James (the Just), Joseph (Joses), Judas (Jude) and Simon (Matthew 13:55). The Bible also tells us that Jesus had sisters, but they are not named or numbered. (some name his sisters as Assia and Lydiat) Some scholars argue that these brothers, especially James, held positions of special honor in the early Christian church. – many critical scholars claim that these “brothers” and “sisters” refer to the biological children of Mary and Joseph. Followers of the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox traditions, as well as some Anglicans and Lutherans, accept the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary and therefore reject the claim that Jesus had blood siblings. By the 3rd century the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary was well established and defended
–          The Epistle of James has been traditionally attributed to James the Just since 253, although it is now common for scholars to disagree on its authenticity
–          Gospel of James, also known as the Infancy Gospel of James or the Protoevangelium of James, is an apocryphal Gospel
–          Epistle of Jude, included in the canon, is a brief book of only a single chapter with 25 verses
–          Gospel of Thomas is a collection of traditional sayings of Jesus. It is attributed to Didymos Judas Thomas, the “Doubting Thomas” of the canonical Gospels, and according to many early traditions, the twin brother of Jesus (“didymos” means “twin” in Greek)
–          Recognitions and Homilies of Clement (also known as the Clementine literature), dated to as early as the 2nd century, where James appears as a saintly figure who is assaulted by an unnamed enemy some modern critics think may be Paul
_

– censorship, specifically of the Apocrypha, started from the very beginning of the Universal Church: “Thus, in the first Christian centuries, the so-called apocrypha above all other books appeared to the faithful as libri non recipiendi, books which were on no account to be used. The establishment of the Canon of Holy Writ was, therefore, at once an elimination and a censuring of the apocrypha.” The two documents referring to this, both from the latter half of the second century, are the Muratorian Canon and the Apostolic Constitutions
_

Only after the destruction of the Temple and debates with Christians, the Pharisees at Jamnia finally limited the Hebrew Canon in the 2nd century A.D. – a century after the Resurrection of Christ. They restricted the Hebrew Canon to Books written before 400 B.C. in Hebrew. They also rejected the Septuagint claiming it to be corrupted by the Christians. In the mid-2nd century, St. Justin Martyr in his Dialogue With Trypho commented on the difference between the Christian Old Testament and the Hebrew Canon. Tertullian during this period also commented on this difference. These comments and concerns would have been inappropriate, if the early Christians and Jews shared the same Old Testament canon. The Old Testament of the most ancient surviving Christian Bible manuscripts – Codex Vaticanus (4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (4th century) and Codex Alexandrinus (5th century) – are Greek Septuagint text. Apart from holes and missing pages, the Codex Vaticanus contains all the Books of the Catholic Old Testament, except I and II Maccabees. The Codex Sinaiticus only lacks II Maccabees but also includes IV Maccabees. The Codex Alexandrinus contains all of the Catholic Old Testament Books plus III and IV Maccabees. These manuscripts show that the Septuagint with its larger and looser canon was the Old Testament “Bible” of the early Church
_

45% of the New Testament was written by Saul (Paul)

– Saul (Paul) was not a disciple and never met Jesus – zealously persecuted the newly-forming Christian church, trying to destroy itstruck blind by Jesus, but after three days his sight was restored – along with Simon Peter and James the Just he was one of the most prominent early Christian leaders – by birth a Roman citizen – born about the same time as Jesus (c. 4 B.C.) or slightly later – converted to faith in Jesus Christ about A.D. 33. – he was a Pharisee – nothing more is known of his background until he takes an active part in the martyrdom of Stephen – proclaims that Mount Sinai is located in Arabia – the Bible does not record Paul’s death – in all his writing he only quotes Jesus, once – most of modern Christianity is based on Paul’s teachings – not Peter’s (the rock of the church, as said by Jesus) – there is wide speculation that Saul might have been an agent of Rome
_

Just one example of censorship or misleading information – the Map of the Exodus is wrong. https://michaelruark.wordpress.com/2013/02/22/mount-sinai-in-arabia-jebel-el-lawz/

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Nag Hammadi library (discovered scriptures in 1945)
Gnostic Books in the Bible: the four gospels of the New Testament and Revelations
Knights Templer – are gnostics
Achemists
Pistis Sophia
Samael Aun Weor
Rabolu (Secret Knowledge, Hidden Wisdom)
Belzebuub
Flight of the Feathered Serpent
Simon Magus – could fly, raise the dead|
Lilith – Adam’s first wife – created at the same time as Adam by God, as an equal, not as Eve from Adam’s rib
_

Five Gnostic Sects: Ophites, Marcionism, Cainites, Carpocratians, Borborites
Four Medieval Gnostic Sects: Paulicianism, Tondraikanism, Bogomilism, Catharism
Syrian/Egyptian Gnosticism – Thomasine, Valentinus, Sethian, Bardaisan, Basilidian
Persian Gnosticism – Mandaeism, Manichaeism
_

Real Name of Jesus: Yeshua (Joshua)
Ezra assembled the Bible
Torah – the first five books of the Bible
_

Pope Leo 10 – married with two children (said, “how profitable the stable of Christ has been to us”)
Tariffs were granted: Kill a man for a $1.75, Ravage a virgin for $2, Priest to keep a concubine for $2.75, Absolved of all crimes for $12
Augustine made prostitution legal
_

John 16:7 – Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

John 16:23 – And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

Chronology

  • Clement (1st century C.E.): Probably the third bishop of Rome and author of a letter (1 Clement) written to the church at Corinth about 95 C.E.
  • Ignatius (ca. 35–107 C.E.): Bishop of Antioch in Syria and author of letters to several churches: Ephesians, Magnasians, Trallians, Romans, Philadelphians, Smyrmeans. He also wrote a letter to Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna,
  • Marcion (d. ca. 160 C.E.): A native of Sinope in Pontus and a wealthy shipowner. He was excommunicated in 144 CE.
  • Muratorian canon: The oldest extant list of New Testament writings, discovered in the 18th century by L. A. Muratori in an 8th century manuscript. The list generally thought to date from the 2nd century.
  • Tatian (2nd century C.E.): A native of Assyria, Tatian was a Christian apologist and author of the Diatessaron, a history of the life of Christ compiled from the four gospels and used in the Syriac church until the 5th century C.E.):
  • Irenaeus (ca.130–200 C.E.): Bishop of Lyon, Gaul (France).
  • Origen (ca. 185–254 C.E.): Alexandrian biblical critic, exegete, theologian and spiritual writer.
  • Eusebius (ca. 260–340 C.E.): Bishop of Caesarea. His Ecclesiastical History, a multivolume history of the church down to ca. 300, was published ca. 325 C.E.
  • Constantine (ca. 274–337 C.E.): Roman emperor whose policy was to unite the Christian church to the secular State by the closest possible ties. His laws and letters are a chief primary source for the relations of Christianity and the State from 313 onwards.
  • Athanasius (ca. 296–373 C.E.): Bishop of Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Council of Nicea (325 C.E.): The first general council of the Christian church called by Emperor Constantine who feared that disputes within the church would cause disorder in the empire. The Nicene Creed was a result.
  • Council of Trent (1545–1563); In response to the Protestant Reformation, defined Catholic doctrine as distinct from Protestant and implemented reforms to begin a revitalizaton.
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