Tengrism – Türük Tängrisi

Tengrism, also known as Tengriism, Tenggerism, or Tengrianism, is a Central Asian religion characterized by shamanism, animism, totemism, poly-, and monotheism, and ancestor worship. It was the prevailing religion of the Turks, Mongols, Hungarians, Xiongnu and possibly Huns, and the…

Göktürks, Celestial Turks, Blue Turks

The Göktürks, Celestial Turks, Blue Turks or Kok Turks (Old Turkic: 𐰜𐰇𐰛:𐱅𐰇𐰼𐰰, Kök Türük; Chinese: 突厥/تُركِئ; pinyin: Tūjué, Middle Chinese: *duət̚-kʉɐt̚ (türkut), Dungan: Тўҗүә; Khotanese Saka: Ttūrka, Ttrūka; Old Tibetan: Drugu) were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia. The…

The Promise of World Peace

A Statement by the Universal House of Justice Bahá’í World Center Haifa, Israel October 1985 To the Peoples of the…

Saka, Scythians, Khotan (Issac, Israelites)

(Eastern) Saka or Sakan is a variety of Eastern Iranian languages, attested from the ancient Buddhist kingdoms of Khotan, Kashgar and Tumshuq in the Tarim Basin, in what is now southern Xinjiang,…

Oghur

The Oghur or Oğuric languages (also known as Bulgar, Pre-Proto Bulgaric, or Lir-Turkic and r-Turkic) are a branch of the Turkic language family. The only extant member of the group is…

Uyghurs – “fully-fledged police state”

The Uyghurs or Uygurs (as the standard romanisation in Chinese GB 3304-1991) are a Turkic ethnicity who live in East and Central Asia. Today, Uyghurs live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of…

Kingdom of Khotan

The Kingdom of Khotan was an ancient Iranic Saka Buddhist kingdom located on the branch of the Silk Road that ran along the southern edge of the Taklamakan Desert in…

Ergenekon and the Gold Mountain

Ergenekon or Ergeneqon is a founding myth. Some researchers claim the myth’s Turkic origins, citing similarities between Göktürks and the Ergenekon epic; the first to make…

from Ophir

Ophir is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth. King Solomon received a cargo from Ophir every three years, which…

Black Israelite Aliyah

The group was founded in Chicago by a former steel worker named Ben Carter (1939-2014). In his early twenties Carter was given…

Arran – Caucasian Albania

Arran, also known as Aran, Ardhan, Al-Ran, Aghvank and Alvank, რანი-Ran-i or Caucasian Albania, was a geographical name used in ancient and medieval times to signify the territory which lies within the triangle of land,…

Besa (pledge of honour)

Besa (pledge of honour) is an Albanian cultural precept, usually translated as “faith”, that means “to keep the promise” and “word of honor”. The concept is…

Tracing the Dispersion

Reconstructing ancient history, even religious history, can be compared to putting together a large, complex puzzle with many of the…