Germanwings

11:03 GMT – WELCOME TO AFP’S LIVE REPORT on the crash of an Airbus A320 in the French Alps with 148 people on board. A civil aviation official said there had been “a loss of radar of Germanwings flight GWI18G,” which is thought to have been carrying 142 passengers, two pilots and four stewards.

11:18 GMT – Barcelona origin – The plane was travelling from the Spanish coastal city of Barcelona to the German city of Duesseldorf when it went down in the Barcelonnette area, in southeastern France. The plane issued a distress call at 10:47 am (0947 GMT), sources said.

11:22 GMT – Low-cost – The plane belonged to Germanwings, a low-cost affiliate of German airline Lufthansa. The single-aisle A320 typically seats 150 to 180 people. Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve, who says debris from the plane has already been found, is heading to the scene.

11:53 GMT – 5,000 feet – Alain Vidalies, minister of state for transport, said: “A distress call was registered at 10:47. The distress signal showed the plane was at 5,000 feet in an abnormal situation.”

11:56 GMT – Lufthansa shares down – In late morning deals, Lufthansa’s share price dived 4.61 percent to 13.15 euros in Frankfurt, topping the fallers board on the German stock market. “Tragically, market movement cannot always been driven by pure stats, and the news that a Germanwings plane has crashed in the south of France caused a fall in Lufthansa — the owner of Germanwings — alongside Airbus, the plane’s manufacturer, as the cause of the disaster remains unclear,” Spreadex analyst Connor Campbell told AFP.

11:56 GMT – Enormous noise – A police helicopter said the crash happened in a mountainous area called Les Trois Eveches, rising to 1,400 metres and very difficult to access. A witness who was skiing in the area described having “heard an enormous noise”, a French television channel reported.

12:51 GMT – Witness 1 – Mirages flew by – Meolans Revel local councillor Thierry Brown tells AFP’s Isabelle Malsang: “The only thing we noticed was three Mirage fighter planes flying over, at least three times, around the supposed time of the crash. “We are used to seeing one a day on average but never so many at the same time.”

NOTE: The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft produced by Dassault Aviation for the French Air Force and widely exported. Prominent operators included Australia, Argentina, South Africa and Israel

Witness 2 – It was, according to one Air France pilot, a fabulous day for flying. Gerard Monchablon, in the cockpit of his plane with the French carrier, was flying high above the clouds over the southern French Alps yesterday morning, and conditions were perfect. “It was a beautiful day, very sunny. The mountains are very steep, and there are no people living there.”  But suddenly, across his radio, came the terrible news that a plane nearby had crashed. “It was the only aircraft near me,” he told BFMTV. “Then two Mirages [French fighter jets] arrived.”

Witness 3 – Down in the valley below, it was a pleasant spring day in the southern Alpine hamlet of Beaujeu, and a local man called Bernard was outside his home, near Digne Les Bains. And then he heard an unusual sound. “It was strange,” he told local newspaper Le Dauphine Libere. “I’m used to planes going overhead, but not like that. “It was low; it was really low. Normally if it’s low it’s a military plane. I couldn’t see because of clouds, but from the noise I could tell it wasn’t a military plane. I would have said it was trying to keep its altitude. I can’t say for certain whether it clipped the peak of the mountain because you don’t hear. The hills muffle the sound,” said Bernard.

Witness 4 – Emile Gall, also below the clouds in the village of Seyne, did not see the plane either. “But I heard it. I heard it flying really low.”  She, too, thought that it was a military plane. “I said to myself: ‘They are so annoying, these planes which fly through the valley.’ Then I heard a funny noise, like an engine misfiring. Then I heard a big muffled sound. But it wasn’t that of a plane going through the sound barrier.”

Witness 5 – Evelyne Bayle, who lives in Vernet, saw and heard the crash. There was, she said, “a real racket from the engine”. But the noise was not normal. “It was really loud. A bit like the noise when you set off an avalanche or a rock slide. “It was very noisy. After, there was an impact and an explosion. Maybe it was the kerosene which blew up.”

13:13 GMT – Radio links – Colonel Jean-Pascal Breton, head of French air force information service SIRPA Air, explains the overflights by Mirage military planes, saying they went to the area of the crash to provide radio links between the various rescue services. “At 1,700 metres, the radio doesn’t work as the mountains block signals. To coordinate the operation you need radio links. That is what the fighter aircraft are doing. So the helicopters talk via the airborne plane,” Breton says. Other resources will be brought in this afternoon, possibly including an AWACS (surveillance) plane, he adds.

13:13 GMT – Victims – French President Francois Hollande says the 150 people killed included Germans, Spaniards and “probably” Turks. He says he cannot say with “total certainty” that no French nationals were aboard the Germanwings flight.

13:14 GMT – Summary – – All 150 people on board are dead in the worst plane disaster in mainland France in four decades

13:42 GMT – 1st Germanwings loss – Germanwings says none of its aircraft has ever been involved in a crash prior to the loss of an Airbus A320 in the French Alps. “We’ve never had a total loss of aircraft in the company’s history until now,” a company spokeswoman told AFP.

14:04 GMT – Worst crashes – Records show the crash of a German budget airliner in the French Alps is the worst air disaster in mainland France in 40 years and one of Europe’s worst in the past 10 years. http://u.afp.com/9cp

14:16 GMT – Plane 24 years old – Airbus says the aircraft used on flight 4U 9525 was delivered to Lufthansa from the production line in 1991. It had accumulated approximately 58,300 flight hours in some 46,700 flights. It was powered by CFM 56-5A1 engines. At the end of February 2015 nearly 6,200 A320 Family aircraft were in operation worldwide, Airbus says. The fleet has accumulated more than 150 million flight hours in over 85 million flights.

14:18 GMT – GERMANWINGS SAYS JET NOSEDIVED FOR EIGHT MINUTES

14:48 (Updated 14:55) – LeFigaro.fr with AFP: Crew of Germanwings airline, whose plane crashed this morning in the French Alps, has not issued a distress call, said the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). “L The crew did not issue mayday. This is the air traffic control has decided to declare the aircraft in distress because he had no contact with the crew and the plane, “she explained .

14:54 GMT – Nosedive – The Airbus A320 jet that crashed in the French Alps had only just reached a cruising altitude of 38,000 feet before it descended rapidly for eight minutes, Germanwings says. The pilot of flight 4U 9525 had more than 10 years’ experience and 6,000 flying hours under his belt, Germanwings executive Thomas Winkelmann tells a news conference. The jet had undergone a thorough check in the summer of 2013.

15:20 GMT – Losses narrowed – Germanwings carrier has about 2,000 employees and it carried around 16 million passengers in the year to July 2014. The low-cost carrier succeeded in narrowing its losses in 2014, despite financial fallout from a pilots’ strike, and hopes to break even for the first time in 2015.

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A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

A Bridge for the World

Path of Peace

The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel, Palestine, and the Third Temple

Jerusalem can or will be the fully recognized capital of three nations:
Israel, Palestine and the Kingdom of Jerusalem

A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Submitted: May 19, 2009
Michael Ruark- Michael@MichaelRuark.com

The Many Rulers of this Land

2015 BC-1600 BC: Canaan; 1600 BC-1300 BC: Egyptian New Kingdom; 1300 BC-1050 BC: Jebusites; 1050 BC-931 BC: Kingdom of Israel (united); 931 BC-722 BC: Kingdom of Israel (Samaria); 931 BC-586 BC: Kingdom of Judah; 722 BC-609 BC: Assyrian; 626 BC-539 BC: Babylonian; 550 BC-330 BC: Achaemenid; 330 BC-312 BC: Macedonia; 312 BC-63 BC: Seleucid; 140 BC-37 BC: Hasmonean – 140 BC-110 BC: Seleucid Empire, 110 BC-63 BC: Israel; 63 BC-313: Roman – 37 BC-4 BC: Herodian Kingdom of Israel, 4 BC-6 CE: Herodian Tetrarchy, 6–135: Judaea, 135-390: Syria Palæstina; 270-273: Palmyrene;
313-636: Byzantine – 390-636: Palæstina Prima, Palæstina Secunda, Palaestina Salutaris; 614-619: Jewish Sassanid; 632-661: Rashidun Caliphate; 636-1037: Perisan; 661-750: Umayyad Caliphate; 750-1517: Abbasid Caliphate; 878-968: Egyptian; 909-1171: Fatimid Caliphate; 969-1072: Fatimids; 1037-1194: Seljuq; 1098: Fatimids; 1099-1187: Crusader; 1187-1193: Saladin; 1193-1291: Crusader; 1291-1516: Mamluk; 1517-1833: Ottoman Syria; 1833-1841: Egypt; 1841-1917: Syria (Ottoman); 1918-1948: British; 1948-present: Israel and occupied territories

Open Letter

Peace be unto you. My purpose of drafting this letter and submitting this Peace Proposal is to present an accommodating solution to the continuing conflict in the Middle East; as I see it, there will be no true peace in the world until the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is resolved. This is one of the most important issues of our time and the first step to a world that can accept lasting peace. I am not a scholar or a philosopher, I do not belong to a particular religious faith, nor do I represent a particular political party in my beliefs; what I am is just one human being that respects the rights of all human beings to live in peace and to prosper. I have no enemies and I court no friends. There is not an agenda to my Proposal, merely a suggestion for a path to peace. Something must be done, or we, as the human race, will face further wars and conflict as it pertains to these issues. Surely intelligent beings have the capacity not to destroy one another.

Beginning with the issue of Jerusalem; archaeology indicates that this ancient city was first inhabited during the 4th millennium BC, near the only perennial stream there, the Gihon Spring. The first evidence of an urban settlement, in the shape of fortification walls, dates from the 18th century BC, corresponding to the Middle Bronze Age; also at this time, Jerusalem is mentioned in the Egyptian “execration” texts when the Egyptians ruled Canaan. During its vast history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. Jerusalem is a holy city to the three Abrahamic religions – Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Despite having an area of only .35 square miles (0.9 km2), the city is home to many sites of religious importance, including the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. No single faith or people can claim the right to total control of the city; and as we know, up to this point in history, it has been imperative that the city of Jerusalem be the capital of both, Israel and Palestine.

So, I purpose the creation of a new independent country called the Kingdom of Jerusalem. This is also in agreement with the recommendations of the UN General Assembly, as it pertains to the city of Jerusalem, in which Jerusalem would be a corpus separatum; further, this recommendation is in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, published on December 11, 1948. The Kingdom of Jerusalem will consist of East Jerusalem and the West Bank. The Kingdom of Jerusalem will agree to accept all religions, equally, including, but not limited to, Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The new kingdom does not have any ties to the former latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, which lasted nearly two hundred years, from 1099 to 1291. By beginning a new country, there is a real possibility for peace in this holy city. Peace must first begin in the city of Jerusalem; a city and land for all the world, not for just one people or one religion.

In my plan, I purpose the creation of a new Palestinian state, an independent country that reserves all rights afforded other free countries. Palestine will consist of the Gaza Strip and land in the northern Sinai; an open thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) will be constructed from the Gaza Strip to East Jerusalem. Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip can trace their ancestry back to the Philistines, which derives from the attested Illyrian locality Palaeste, whose inhabitants were called Palaestīnī. The Palestinian people first appeared in the southern coastal area of Canaan (Gaza) at the beginning of the Iron Age (1175 BC). Gaza has always been Palestinian land, and should be under the complete and total authority of the Palestinians.

Also, I propose the building of the Third Temple on the Temple Mount, built next to the Dome of the Rock. First and foremost, it is explicitly agreed by all parties to this agreement, that no harm will ever be done to the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of Ascension, the Dome of the Chain, or the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to the building of the Third Temple, as architecturally described in the Book of Ezekiel. The Dome of the Tablets / Dome of the Spirits stands directly over the original site of the Holy of Holies in Solomon’s temple. The Third Temple will be located over 100 yards north of the Dome of the Rock. The Third Temple will stand facing directly east, built in a straight line towards the now sealed Eastern Gate (Golden Gate); when completed an easement of 150 feet will exist between the Dome of the Rock and the Third Temple; no sound or sight will exist between the buildings.

Finally, I objectively try to resolve some of the ongoing issues that have continued to derive major conflicts in the Middle East; such as, the Golan Heights, the Blue Line, Shebaa Farms, the Strait of Tiran, the Hala’ib Triangle, the Bi’r Tawīl, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb, Abu Musa and the water rights in the region. Whenever possible, I have tried to be fair and use natural boundaries, such as rivers, to demarcate borders.

To come to peace, it is evident that all parties must compromise to some extent, but all parties should also benefit. Compromise has always been at the heart of true peace and I hope by presenting these ideas, there will be a new transformation and countries will elevate their views in this matter. Surely, we all can rise to live peacefully on this planet. Thank you for your time and consideration. May God bless the people of the Middle East.

Michael Ruark

Summary

Kingdom of Jerusalem

  • 2,262 square miles (5,858 km²) in the West Bank
  • 27 square miles (70 km²) in East Jerusalem
  • 84 square miles (217 km²) of the Dead Sea

Palestine

  • total land area of 10,970 square miles (28,412 km²)
  • 139 square miles (360 km²) in the Gaza Strip
  • 10,831 square miles (28,052 km²) in the northern Sinai
  • 194 miles (328 km) of total coastline
  • 124 miles (200 km) of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea
  • 70 miles (112 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Suez

Israel

  • land area will increase by 133%
  • land area from 8020 square miles (20,772 km²) to 18,718 square miles (48,479 km²)
  • total land area larger than at any time in history
  • contiguous land area will increase by 50%
  • contiguous land from 263 miles (423 km) to 396 miles (637 km)
  • coastline will increase by 200%
  • coastline from 117 miles (188 km) to 351 miles (564 km)
  • gain 109 miles (175 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Aqaba
  • gain 20 miles (32 km) of coastline on the Red Sea
  • gain 105 miles (168 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Suez
  • gain 10,712 square miles (27,743 km²) in the southern Sinai
  • retain all 64 square miles (166 km²) of the Sea of Galilee
  • gain 30 square miles (80 km²) in Tiran Island
  • gain the territorial waters of the Strait of Tiran
  • lose 2,908 square miles (7,531 km²) of internationally recognized occupied territory
  • lose 44 square miles (114 km²) east of the Hasbani River and Jordan River
  • lose 1 mile (2 km²) of coastline on the Sea of Galilee

Egypt

  • gain 7,155 square miles (18,531 km²) in the Hala’ib Triangle
  • lose 21,385 square miles (55,387 km²) in the Sinai
  • from 387,048 square miles (1,002,450 km²) to 372,818 square miles (963,476 km²)
  • remains the 30th largest country, with a 4% decrease in total area

Jordan

  • gain 14 square miles (36 km²) east of the Jordan River
  • gain 1 mile (2 km²) of coastline on the Sea of Galilee
  • gain 20 square miles (33 km²) in Sanafir Island

Lebanon

  • gain 15 square miles (25 km²) in the Shebaa Farms

Syria

  • gain 500 square miles (1,200 km²) in the Golan Heights
  • gain 30 square miles (77 km²) east of the Hasbani River and Jordan River

Saudi Arabia

  • gain 10 miles (16 km) of coastline on the Persian Gulf
  • lose 30 square miles (80 km²) in Tiran Island
  • lose 12 square miles (31 km²) in Sanafir Island

Sudan

  • gain 795 square miles (2,060 km²) in the Bi’r Tawīl
  • lose 7,155 square miles (18,531 km²) in the Hala’ib Triangle

Iran

  • gain 26 square miles (3 km²) in Greater Tunb
  • gain 5 square miles (2 km²) in Lesser Tunb
  • lose 5 square miles (12 km²) in Abu Musa

UAE

  • gain 5 square miles (12 km²) in Abu Musa
  • lose 26 square miles (10 km²) in Greater Tunb
  • lose 5 square miles (2 km²) in Lesser Tunb
  • lose 10 miles (16 km) on the Persian Gulf

Primary Accomplishments

Kingdom of Jerusalem

The city of Jerusalem has long had great religious, spiritual and international importance. In 1947, the United Nations wanted to preserve this status after termination of the British Mandate and guarantee accessibility to the city. So, the UN proposed a corpus separatum, in Latin meaning a “separated body”, first in UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) on November 29, 1947. This resolution recommended the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem. In this new regime, all residents would automatically become “citizens of the City of Jerusalem”, unless they would opt for citizenship of the Arab or Jewish State. UN General Assembly Resolution 194, published on December 11, 1948,  established a UN Conciliation Commission which worked towards these goals; UN General Assembly Resolution 303 (IV) on December 9, 1949, also confirmed the decision to place Jerusalem under a permanent international regime. The regime was to be established with borders identified by the Green Line; the Green Line refers to the 1949 Armistice Agreements; this plan is also in agreement with UN Security Council Resolution 242 (S/RES/242), adopted on November 22, 1967, in Chapter VI of the UN Charter. In numerous resolutions the UN has declared every action changing the status of Jerusalem illegal and therefore null and void and having no validity; including Resolution 66/18 on November 30, 2011. Additionally, Jerusalem became a district with special administrative status in 1872; and became a separate district in 1841. Israel only captured Jerusalem, excluding the holy sites, in 1967; after not controlling the entire city for 1,897 years. So, given these facts, and in full agreement with the recommendations of the UN General Assembly, as it pertains to the city of Jerusalem, and in order to preserve the peace throughout the entire West Bank, the Kingdom of Jerusalem will be established with borders along the 1949 Green Line; including East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

Sinai Peninsula

The vast Sinai Peninsula is the least densely populated area in the entire Middle East; the Shamal Sina (North Sinai) and Ganub Sina (South Sinai) consist of 21,000 square miles; approximately 100,000 people live in South Sinai and 400,000 people live in North Sinai; with a population density of a little over 20 people per square mile. Being on the frontier between Africa and the Middle East makes the Sinai an ideal location for militant factions; this desert peninsula has been plagued with lawlessness for some time. I propose that the lawlessness is due in large part to the population density; lack of people in the Sinai is having a detrimental effect on the entire area.  Given this fact, and for the protection of the bordering countries, I propose establishing the country of Palestine in the northern Sinai. Moreover, the northern Sinai is the only area that could be easily opened to the Gaza Strip. It should be understood, that unless the Palestinians and the Israelis acquire more land, there will always be conflict; I believe that these continued conflicts can be resolved by utilizing the vast area of the Sinai. Additionally, the new Kingdom of Jerusalem is only possible, if both Palestine and Israel acquire more land, as well. So, I propose that the Sinai be split equally between Palestine and Israel, with the northern section being Palestine and the southern section being part of Israel. Furthermore, it is also imperative that Egypt be given the best chance for the survival of a democracy, the Sinai can be very instrumental in accomplishing the most immediate economic growth for Egypt, in the form of increased levels of aid from the US and increased commerce interests with Israel, Palestine and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Also, in the best interests of Egypt: all mineral rights in the Sinai will still be retained by Egypt; Egypt will continue to retain the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates, a buffer zone for uninterrupted passage through the Suez Canal; and Egypt will be paid $2 billion dollars for a total 4% decrease in land.

Palestine

The first clear use of the term Palestine to refer to the entire area between Phoenicia and Egypt was in 5th century BC Ancient Greece; the term would also be used by the Romans in Syria Palaestina from 135-390, the Byzantine in Palaestina Prima from 390-636, and the Umayyad and Abbasid in Jund Filastin, named after the Philistines, from the 660-680. Given the vast history of the Palestinian people, and the dire urgency of establishing a Palestinian state, I propose the creation of Palestine in the Gaza Strip and in the northern Sinai. The borders of Palestine will be along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line in the Gaza Strip; then proceed south from Rafah, following the former North Sinai Governorate border, to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; proceeding in a straight line to Nekhel; then a straight line to Abu Rudeis; going north from Abu Rudeis along the Gulf of Suez; following the existing eastern Egyptian borders of the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates. Palestine can chose to establish their capital in the former North Sinai Governorate, such as Al Arish, or they can choose Jerusalem as their capital. A thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) will be built from the Gaza Strip to Jerusalem, this will part of Palestine. Portions of the study, The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State, as submitted by the RAND Corporation in 2005, will be completed. The Arc would link the Gaza Strip, including Gaza City and the Gaza Airport, to the Kingdom of Jerusalem; travel from the Gaza airport to Jerusalem will take approximately an hour, from Gaza to Jenin, about 90 minutes.

Temple Mount

The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to the building of the Jewish Third Temple. The Third Temple, or Ezekiel’s Temple, as architecturally described in the Book of Ezekiel, will be built next to the Dome of the Rock – as it currently stands on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Dome of the Rock was initially completed in 691 at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna. The first Temple was built in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The second was constructed in 516 BCE and destroyed by the Roman Empire in 70 CE. So, this agreement is with the full understanding, that no harm or destruction will come to the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of Ascension, the Dome of the Chain, the Dome of the Prophet, or the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Third Temple will be built over 100 yards (322 feet) north of the Dome of the Rock, and will face east towards the Golden Gate (Eastern Gate) and the Mount of Olives. The Golden Gate was sealed by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1541, this gate will be opened. Also, a bridge will be built between the Mount of Olives and the Golden Gate, spanning the Kidron Valley. There is exactly enough area for the Third Temple to be built, next to the Dome of the Rock; the Holy of Holies will be located directly over the Dome of the Tablets / Dome of the Spirits. Upon completion, an easement with a clearance of 150 feet, will exist between the Dome of the Rock and the Third Temple. Between the two buildings, at approximately 75 feet, a complete sound and sight barrier will be created. Two private transit systems (i.e., tunnels) will be constructed, moving worshipers from Western Jerusalem to the Jewish Quarter and the Third Temple, and moving worshipers from the Muslim Quarter to the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock; absolutely no contact will be required between worshipers of each faith.

In Agreement,

  1. The Kingdom of Jerusalem will consist of all the territory, known, as the West Bank, along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line; and along the 1994 Treaty Line in the Dead Sea, as outlined in the Israel–Jordan peace treaty of October 26, 1994. All individuals who choose to live in this area must become citizens of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, unless they opt for citizenship in Palestine or Israel. The Kingdom of Jerusalem does agree to accept all religions, equally, including, but not limited to, Christianity, Islam and Judaism; and to grant access to all religious sites. Fatah will retain a full representation in the government.
  2. East Jerusalem, along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line, will be the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem; West Jerusalem will be the recognized capital of Israel.
  3. The Palestinians will choose the location of the capital of Palestine; the capital can be in the former North Sinai Governorate, such as Al Arish, or in East Jerusalem.
  4. US and Israel will agree to build a wide and unhindered thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) between the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem; this project will fall under the direct supervision of Palestine and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. This tunnel will begin at Rafah, passing non-stop through Israel, entering the Kingdom of Jerusalem at Meitar; from Rafah to Meitar, the tunnel will be part of Palestine; from Meitar to Jerusalem, the passage will be above-ground and part of Palestine and the Kingdom of Jerusalem (i.e., The Arc – Rand Corp 2005).
  5. US will agree to aid the Kingdom of Jerusalem in an amount equal to or greater than 30% of the aid it provides to Israel; the Kingdom of Jerusalem will be seen as a developing country, a country of strategic importance to the US, and a country recovering from war.
  6. US will agree to aid Palestine in an amount equal to or greater than 25% of the aid it provides to Israel, most of the initial major contributions are to be fully utilized in the repartition efforts of the Palestinian people, to Palestine or the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  7. Israel will agree to aid in the economic development of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Palestine and their duly elected governments.
  8. Egypt will agree to release territorial claim to the North and South Sinai Governorates; the Sinai is 21,385 square miles (55,387 km²); this is a total loss in land area of 4%.
  9. US, UK and Saudi Arabia will agree to pay Egypt a sum of $2.14 billion for the Sinai; the Sinai is 21,385 square miles (55,387 km²), this equates to $100,000/square mile.
  10. Israel and Palestine will agree that all oil, natural gas and any natural reserves in the Sinai Peninsula will remain the full property of Egypt.
  11. The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to buy oil and natural gas produced in the Sinai by Egypt; purchasing resources at 5% above the market rate.
  12. US will agree to continue the existing annual levels of Foreign Military Financing to Egypt; and to honor the commitment of economic aid of $1 billion in support of a democracy; agreeing to resume or exceed annual economic aid levels of 1998.
  13. Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria agree to compensate Palestinian refugees that repatriate to Palestine or the Kingdom of Jerusalem, for existing assets and property.
  14. The Kingdom of Jerusalem will agree to full citizenship for all people that can show former residence inside the West Bank.
  15. The northern portion of the Sinai Peninsula will be part of Palestine; the border of Palestine will include the entire Gaza Strip, along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line; proceed south from Rafah (along the former North Sinai Governorate border) to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; proceeding in a straight line to Nekhel; then along a straight line to Abu Rudeis; proceeding north from Abu Rudeis along the Gulf of Suez; then following the existing borders of the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates, providing a buffer zone for the Suez Canal.
  16. Palestine will be divided proportionately to the people which choose to live in the country; including any refugees and the existing Bedouin population of the Sinai.
  17. Palestine will be governed by an elected government of Gazans; and will have a full representation of Hamas. Hamas and Israel will agree to peaceful co-existence.
  18. Palestine will agree to release all claim to the West Bank, allotted in the 1948 UN Partition Plan, Resolution 181 (II); this will now become the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  19. US will agree to assist Palestine in the immediate establishment of economic and efficient agricultural growth. Palestine will be seen as a developing country, a country of strategic importance to the US, and a country recovering from continued war.
  20. The southern portion of the Sinai Peninsula will be part of Israel. The border with Palestine will include the Gaza Strip, along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line; proceeding south from Rafah (following the former North Sinai Governorate border) to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; proceeding in a straight line to Nekhel; then a straight line on to Abu Rudeis. At Abu Rudeis, the Israeli border will turn south and proceed along the Gulf of Suez, the Red Sea, then turn north along the Gulf of Aqaba, to the existing border with Jordan.
  21. The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to build the Third Temple, as architecturally described in the Book of Ezekiel. The Third Temple will be exactly built 100 meters (322 feet) north of the Dome of the Rock; with explicit understanding by all, that no harm will come to the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of Ascension, the Dome of the Chain and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  22. An invisible sound and sight barrier will be created between the Dome of the Rock and the Third Temple; no sound or sight will exist between the buildings; worshipers will not be required to have any contact with those of another faith. Two transit passages (i.e., tunnels) will be built from the Jewish Quarter and the Third Temple, and from the Muslim Quarter to the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque; the construction of these passages will be under the direct supervision of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  23. The construction of the Third Temple and the building of a bridge across Kidron Valley will be under direct supervision of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Israel.
  24. The Kingdom of Jerusalem will agree to the building of a thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) between West Jerusalem and the Jewish Quarter; this non-stop tunnel will be part of Israel; the construction will be supervised by the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Israel.
  25. Israel and Lebanon will agree to a border of the Blue Line, published by the UN on June 7, 2000; Shebaa Farms will be in Lebanon; and agree to the Cyprus-Lebanon maritime boundaries. Hezbollah and Israel will agree to peaceful co-existence.
  26. Israel and Syria will agree to a border of the Hasbani River, proceeding south to the Jordan River tributary, through the Nahal Qallil, into the Jordan River, then along the western-most 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line and DMZ, to Ma’agen.
  27. Israel and Jordan will agree to a border of the Jordan River; and along the coastline of the Sea of Galilee, from the Jordan River to Ma’agen.
  28. The Kingdom of Jerusalem and Jordan will agree to a border of the Jordan River.
  29. Jordan and Syria will agree to a border that will proceed north from the Yarmuk River, along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line, to Ma’agen, and to the Sea of Galilee.
  30. Israel and the Kingdom of Jerusalem will sign The Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (adopted by the UN on May 21, 1997).
  31. Egypt and Sudan will agree to a border along the 22-degree line; Hala’ib Triangle will be in Egypt and Bi’r Tawīl will be in Sudan.
  32. Jordan and Saudi Arabia will agree to divide the water of the al-Disi Aquifer, evenly; and commit to joint water exploration efforts.
  33. Israel, Jordan and the Kingdom of Jerusalem will agree to build the Red Sea–Dead Sea Conduit; as proposed in the Valley of Peace initiative.
  34. Saudi Arabia and Egypt will agree to release any and all rights to Tiran Island, this island will be part of Israel; the Strait of Tiran will be the territorial waters of Israel.
  35. Israel will agree to maintain freedom of navigation of the Strait of Tiran, for all nations.
  36. Saudi Arabia will release all rights to Sanafir Island, this island will be part of Jordan; the maritime passage north of Sanafir Island and northeast of Tiran Island will be Jordanian and Saudi Arabian territorial waters; both agree to maintain freedom of navigation into the Gulf of Aqaba, for all nations.
  37. UAE will agree to ratify the 1974 Treaty of Jeddah; Qatar will be a co-signer.
  38. UAE and Iran will agree that the island of Abu Musa will be part of the UAE, and the islands of Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb will be part of Iran.
  39. US will agree to immediately raise economic aid to Jordon, Lebanon and Syria; an overall 10% increase in monetary contributions.
  40. Egypt, the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Syria will agree to a peaceful co-existence under these terms; and establish diplomatic relations; given full support of the US and sponsored by any nation or other elected body or party.

-

A previous (failed) proposal mentioning a new state (separate area)

The Elon Peace Plan (now “The Israeli Initiative”, formerly “The Right Road to Peace”) is a plan to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict originally proposed in 2002 by Rabbi Binyamin Elon, who was the Israeli tourism minister at the time he put forward the proposal. The plan advocates the formal annexation of West Bank and Gaza by Israel, and, originally, the Palestinians becoming citizens of a new Palestinian state in Jordan. Elon and Moledet (Elon’s party and the chief supporter of this plan) proposed that “Israel, the United States and the international community will allocate resources for the completion of the exchange of populations that began in 1948 and the full rehabilitation of the refugees and their absorption and naturalization in various countries”.

Seeing as it concerned the transfer of Palestinians to this hypothetical designated state without their consent, and that Jordan was far from enthusiastic to allocate its own territory for the sake of a Palestinian state. Also, in 1988, Jordan gave up all claim to the West Bank and had took away citizenship of the Palestinians living there, this idea came to be seen as irrelevant by the majority of Israelis and Palestinians. Elon continued to advance his plan, including a 2004 visit to Jordan for this purpose, but did not manage to win substantial support for it.

General public support for Elon and his plan has been ambiguous. The National Union received 5.5% support on the Israeli legislative election of 2003 (which went up to 7.14% in the 2006 election after the party’s merger with the National Religious Party); a survey conducted by Mutagim in January 2005 showed that public support for the relocation of Palestinians outside of Israel, a tenet of Elon’s original proposal, was about equal to the support of Ariel Sharon’s then soon-to-be-executed unilateral disengagement plan.

Final Summation

Path of Peace

The Kingdom of Jerusalem will be the territory currently known as the West Bank.

Palestine will consist of the Gaza Strip and area in the northern Sinai; and a free Palestinian underground transit passage from Rafah to Jerusalem.

The Third Temple will be built next to the Dome of the Rock.

Additional Thoughts

The Sinai Peninsula had already been taken by Israel in 1967; and Britain forced the Ottomans to cede the Sinai peninsula to Egypt only in 1906.

The Temple Mount has always been exactly prepared for the two temples.

Semite: A member of a group of Semitic-speaking peoples of the Near East and northern Africa, including the Arabs, Arameans, Babylonians, Carthaginians, Ethiopians, Hebrews, and Phoenicians.

A Bridge for the World

The Sinai Peninsula has been and will continue to be the land bridge for all peoples of Africa and Asia.

new sinai 

Figure 1:

BOTH

Herods_Temple_mountS

templeA

Prior Correspondence:

Tuesday, May 19, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict – the Whitehouse, US State Department and to the Vice President of the United States.

Friday, September 25, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.2) – whitehouse.gov; whitehouse.gov/administration/vice_president_biden; u.s.state.gov@usa.com; clintonglobalinitiative.org; jimmycarterlibrary.gov

Friday, December 11, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.3) – inquiries@un.org; sar@mfa.gov.il;  JEmbassyDC@jordanembassyus.org; info@lebanonembassyus.org; pmc@palestine-pmc.com; bgude@cfr.org; info@sheikhsalemhouse.com

Sunday, December 13, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.3) – webmaster@ad.gov.eg; info@syrembassy.net; consular@syrianembassy.us; menawb@gov.ps; environment@gov.ps

Tuesday, February 01, 2011 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.4) – comments@whitehouse.gov; president@whitehouse.gov; u.s.state.gov@usa.com; vice.president@whitehouse.gov; info@clintonglobalinitiative.org; inquiries@un.org; sar@mfa.gov.il; KJEmbassyDC@jordanembassyus.org; info@lebanonembassyus.org; pmc@palestine-pmc.com; bgude@cfr.org; info@sheikhsalemhouse.com; webmaster@ad.gov.eg; info@syrembassy.net; consular@syrianembassy.us; menawb@gov.ps; environment@gov.ps

Wednesday, February 27, 2013 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.5) – president@whitehouse.gov: vice.president@whitehouse.gov; publicaffairs@panet.us.state.gov; contact@johnkerry.com; comments@whitehouse.gov; u.s.state.gov@usa.com; pmc@palestine-pmc.com; info@pgmc.ps; menawb@gov.ps; environment@gov.ps; ata@pecdar.pna.net; info@pecdar.pna.net; primemin@idsc.gov.eg; info@moinfo.gov.eg; mnafeh@idsc.net.eg; Contact.Us@mfa.gov.eg; president_office@presidency.gov.lb; open@presidency.gov.lb; ministry@foreign.gov.lb; info@lebanonembassyus.org; public@president.gov.il; feedback@mfa.gov.il; pniot@mni.gov.il; press@washington.mfa.gov.il; curtural@washington.mfa.gov.il; sar@mfa.gov.il; info@pm.gov.jo; KJEmbassyDC@jordanembassyus.org; info@syrembassy.net; consular@syrianembassy.us; info@saudiembassy.net; United ArabEmirates@Emirates.org; info@sheikhsalemhouse.com; bgude@cfr.org; inquiries@un.org; InfoDesk@ohchr.org; unsco@palnet.com; mail@icj-cij.org; hreteam@amnesty.org; mena@amnesty.org; aiunny@amnesty.org; uaigv@amnesty.org; hrwpress@hrw.org; apndc@peacenow.org; adalah@adalah.org; mail@btselem.org; ahmad@badil.org; najwa@badil.org; Mzeidan@arabhra.org; info@righttoenter.ps; info@jcser.org; pchr@pchrgaza.org; dover@rhr.israel.net; mati@rhr.israel.net; rchrs@rchrs.org; info@imeu.net; english@maannews.net; editor@palestinenote.com; advertising@aljazeera.net; FP@ForeignPolicy.com; letters@haaretz.co.il; editors@jpost.co.il; letters@jpost.co.il; phil@mondoweiss.net; adam@mondoweiss.net; newsdesk@forward.com; Alana@tikkun.org; RabbiLerner.tikkun@gmail.com; ombudsman@iba.org.il; dover@iba.org.il; info@clintonglobalinitiative.org; carterweb@emory.edu

Monday, September 1, 2014: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.6) – president@whitehouse.gov: vice.president@whitehouse.gov; publicaffairs@panet.us.state.gov; contact@johnkerry.com; comments@whitehouse.gov; u.s.state.gov@usa.com; pmc@palestine-pmc.com; info@pgmc.ps; menawb@gov.ps; environment@gov.ps; ata@pecdar.pna.net; info@pecdar.pna.net; primemin@idsc.gov.eg; info@moinfo.gov.eg; mnafeh@idsc.net.eg; Contact.Us@mfa.gov.eg; president_office@presidency.gov.lb; open@presidency.gov.lb; ministry@foreign.gov.lb; info@lebanonembassyus.org; public@president.gov.il; feedback@mfa.gov.il; pniot@mni.gov.il; press@washington.mfa.gov.il; curtural@washington.mfa.gov.il; sar@mfa.gov.il; info@pm.gov.jo; KJEmbassyDC@jordanembassyus.org; info@syrembassy.net; consular@syrianembassy.us; info@saudiembassy.net; UnitedArabEmirates@Emirates.org; info@sheikhsalemhouse.com; bgude@cfr.org; inquiries@un.org; InfoDesk@ohchr.org; unsco@palnet.com; mail@icj-cij.org; hreteam@amnesty.org; mena@amnesty.org; aiunny@amnesty.org; uaigv@amnesty.org; hrwpress@hrw.org; apndc@peacenow.org; adalah@adalah.org; mail@btselem.org; ahmad@badil.org; najwa@badil.org; Mzeidan@arabhra.org; info@righttoenter.ps; info@jcser.org; pchr@pchrgaza.org; dover@rhr.israel.net; mati@rhr.israel.net; rchrs@rchrs.org; info@imeu.net; english@maannews.net; editor@palestinenote.com; advertising@aljazeera.net; FP@ForeignPolicy.com; letters@haaretz.co.il; editors@jpost.co.il; letters@jpost.co.il; phil@mondoweiss.net; adam@mondoweiss.net; newsdesk@forward.com; Alana@tikkun.org; RabbiLerner.tikkun@gmail.com; ombudsman@iba.org.il; dover@iba.org.il; info@clintonglobalinitiative.org; carterweb@emory.edu; media@rouhani.ir; info_leader@leader.ir; egov@tra.gov.ae; egov@tra.gov.ae; contact@hukoomi.qa; info@ict.gov.qa; zfawzi@ict.gov.qa; info@sudan-embassy.co.uk; nytnews@nytimes.com This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

© Copyright 2014      All rights reserved. The research described in this document is in the public interest and was supported by information gathered from various sources. The opinions expressed in this document are strictly of the author.

pathofpeace

Way of Peace
Nitzanei Sinai
by Dany Karavan

Recent Timeline

June 14, 1841: Colonel Charles Henry Churchill, also known as ‘Churchill Bey’, (first cousin of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, the grandfather of Winston Churchill). He was a British officer and diplomat and a British consul in Ottoman Syria who created the first political plan for Zionism and the creation of the state of Israel in the region of Ottoman Palestine; the proposal correspondence with Sir Moses Montefiore, the President of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, proposed a strategy for the creating of a Jewish state, pre-dating formal Zionism by approximately half a century.

August 29-31, 1897: First Zionist Congress was the inaugural congress of the Zionist Organization (ZO) (to become the World Zionist Organization (WZO) in 1960) held in Basel (Basle), Switzerland; it was convened and chaired by Theodor Herzl; he is elected the President of the Zionist Organization; a Zionist flag is displayed with a gold lion inside a gold Magen David and seven golden stars; “Zionism aims at establishing for the Jewish people a publicly and legally assured home in Palestine”

October 24, 1915: McMahon-Hussein Agreement – Britain agrees to give the Arabs their independence if they fight against the Ottomans. McMahon stated that Palestine was to be included in the Arab state, although the borders of Palestine were disputed.

May 16, 1916: Sykes–Picot Agreement – Britain, France and Russia, signed this secret agreement to keep the Ottoman Empire land. The agreement effectively divided the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of future British and French control or influence.

November 2, 1917: Balfour Declaration – Britain agrees with the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland for the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people. It was a letter issued by Arthur James Balfour, the British foreign secretary, on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty King George the Fifth, addressed to Lord Rothschild.

January 3, 1919: Faisal–Weizmann Agreement – signed by Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi and Chaim Weizmann of the World Zionist Organization, part of the Paris Peace Conference to support an Arab Kingdom and Jewish settlement in Palestine.

March 8, 1920: Arabs claim an independent government as the Arab Kingdom of Syria. The Kingdom was established under Faisal I of the Hashemite family. Greater Syria (Syria, along with Transjordan, Palestine, and Lebanon) was proclaimed independent from rule by foreign powers and was declared a constitutional monarchy with Faiṣal as king.

April 25, 1920: San Remo Resolution – “The High Contracting Parties agree to entrust, by application of the provisions of Article 22, the administration of Palestine, within such boundaries as may be determined by the Principal Allied Powers, to a Mandatory, to be selected by the said Powers. The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 8, 1917, by the British Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”

June 3, 1922: Churchill White Paper – after the San Remo Conference, Winston Churchill clarified the position of the British government in the Churchill White Paper; in that Britain’s views on the Balfour Declaration, do not contemplate that Palestine as a whole should be converted into a Jewish National Home, but that such a Home should be founded “in Palestine.” It should be noted, that all of the land of British Palestine was never fully promised to either the Israeli Jews or the Palestinian Arabs. The argument is made that the San Remo Conference stated that all of Palestine would be for a Jewish National Home.

June 30, 1922: the Official Journal of the League of Nations, contained a statement by Lord Balfour in which he explained that the League’s authority was strictly limited. “The article related that the ‘Mandates were not the creation of the League, and they could not in substance be altered by the League. Basically, Britain concluded that they still controlled the land, instead of the League of Nations.

July 24, 1922: British Mandate for Palestine is created. It was a legal commission for the administration of the territory. Palestine and Transjordan were to remain under British control.

September 16, 1922: Transjordan Memorandum – a British memorandum passed by the Council of the League of Nations went into force. This single memorandum gave away 91,000 square kilometers of the original 118,000 square kilometers, of the Palestine Mandate. So, in this one memorandum, the British gave away 77% of all the land, which would eventually be called Jordan. After giving away this land, the British then excluded the land, Transjordan at the time, from any area promised as a national home for the Jews, or as an independent national home for the indigenous peoples in Palestine. This one act created severe problems in Palestine and continues to create problems to this day. The land was given to the Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali, who ruled from 1908, and rebelled against the Ottoman rule during the Arab Revolt of 1916. The British granted control over the newly formed states of Iraq and Transjordan to his sons Faisal and Abdullah.

April 25, 1936: The Arab Higher Committee or the Higher National Committee was the central political organ of the Arab community of Mandate Palestine. It was established on the initiative of Hajj Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, and comprised the leaders of Palestinian Arab clans and political parties under the mufti’s chairmanship.

May 23, 1939: White Paper of 1939 – in favor of creating an independent Palestine governed by Palestinian Arabs and Jews in proportion to their numbers in the population by 1939. This was a policy paper issued by the British government under Neville Chamberlain.

October 24, 1945: United Nations was founded after World War II to replace the League of Nations.

November 29, 1947: UN General Assembly adopted a resolution recommending the adoption of the Partition Plan as Resolution 181(II); in this resolution the land of Palestine was given to the Palestinian Arabs and the Israeli Jews, for a two state solution. Arabs have always reiterated that it was rejected because it was unfair: it gave the majority of the land (56%) to the Jews, who at that stage legally owned only 7% of the land and were a minority of the population. The area under Jewish control contained 45% of the Palestinian population. The Arabs argued that it violated the rights of the majority of the people in Palestine, which at the time was 67% non-Jewish (1,237,000) and 33% Jewish (608,000); yet the proposed Arab state was only given 44% of the land, much of which was unfit for agriculture. Jaffa, geographically separated, was to be part of the Arab state. The plan allocated to the Jewish State most of the Negev desert that was sparsely populated and unsuitable for agriculture but also a “vital land bridge protecting British interests from the Suez Canal to Iraq.”

May 14, 1948: British Mandate over Palestine expired; and the State of Israel declared independence; the declaration states that the State of Israel would ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex, and guaranteed freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture. But, the Knesset maintains that the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel is neither a law nor an ordinary legal document; the Supreme Court has ruled that the guarantees were merely guiding principles, and that the declaration is not a constitutional law making a practical ruling on the upholding or nullification of various ordinances and statutes.

September 22, 1948: All-Palestine Government was established by the Arab League, during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It was soon recognized by all Arab League members except Transjordan. Though jurisdiction of the Government was declared to cover the whole of the former Mandatory Palestine, its effective jurisdiction was limited to the Gaza Strip. The Prime Minister of the Gaza-seated administration was Ahmed Hilmi Pasha, and the President was Hajj Amin al-Husseini, former chairman of the Arab Higher Committee.

December 11, 1948: United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194 was passed, defining principles for reaching a final settlement and solving the refugee problem in the region. The resolution was adopted by a majority of 35 countries from among the 58 members of the United Nations at that time; however all six Arab countries then represented at the UN voted against it (Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen, all were parties to the conflict in question).

December 1948: Jericho Conference was held to decide the future of the portion of Palestine that was held by Jordan at the end of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, led by Sheikh Muhammad Ali Ja’abari. Pro-Jordanian personalities called for the annexation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, to Jordan, This unification was later known as the Unification of the Two Banks (the eastern and western banks of the Jordan River.) It stated, Palestine Arabs desire unity between Transjordan and Arab Palestine and therefore make known their wish that Arab Palestine be annexed immediately to Transjordan. They also recognize Abdullah as their King and request him proclaim himself King of new territory.

May 11, 1949: Israel is admitted into the UN. This is conditional on Israel’s acceptance and implementation of resolutions 181 and 194. These resolution granted UN control over Jerusalem and for the return of Palestinian refugees. Resolution 181: United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine; Resolution 194: defined principles for reaching a final settlement and solving the refugee problem in the region.

May 12, 1949: Lausanne Protocol – the Arabs and Israel signed. By signing the Protocol, countries recognized the Resolutions 194 and 181. The parties signed a joint protocol on the framework for a comprehensive peace, which included territories, refugees, and Jerusalem, in which Israel agreed “in principle” to allow the return of all of the Palestinian refugees.

August 12, 1949: Israel signed the Fourth Geneva Convention; it was ratified on June 2, 1951. The Israeli Supreme Court ruled that the fundamental principles of international law, accepted as binding by all civilized nations, were to be incorporated in the domestic legal system of Israel. The Fourth Geneva Convention contains Section III. Occupied territories; Articles 47-78 impose substantial obligations on occupying powers. As well as numerous provisions for the general welfare of the inhabitants of an occupied territory, an occupier may not forcibly deport protected persons, or deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into occupied territory (Art.49). Protected persons who are in occupied territory shall not be deprived, in any case or in any manner whatsoever, of the benefits of the present Convention by any change introduced, as the result of the occupation of a territory, into the institutions or government of the said territory, nor by any agreement concluded between the authorities of the occupied territories and the Occupying Power, nor by any annexation by the latter of the whole or part of the occupied territory (Art.47).

May 28, 1964: PLO signed its Original PLO Charter. The Palestinian National Covenant or Palestinian National Charter is the charter or constitution of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

June 19, 1967: National Unity Government of Israel voted unanimously to return the Sinai to Egypt and the Golan Heights to Syria in return for peace agreements. The U.S. was informed of the decision, but not that it was to transmit it. There is no evidence it was conveyed to Egypt or Syria. The decision was kept a closely guarded secret within Israeli government circles and the offer was withdrawn in October 1967.

November 22, 1974: UN General Assembly officially “acknowledged” the government of Palestine; as observer status at the United Nations and as a “non-state entity,” which entitled it to speak in the UN General Assembly but not to vote; to use the designation “Palestine” instead of “Palestine Liberation Organization” when referring to the Palestinian permanent observer.

November 15, 1988: State of Palestine is a state that was proclaimed by the Palestine Liberation Organization’s (PLO’s) National Council (PNC) which unilaterally adopted the Palestinian Declaration of Independence.

August 20, 1993: Oslo I Accord or Oslo I, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or short Declaration of Principles (DOP), was an attempt to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. It was the first face-to-face agreement between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

1994: Palestinian Authority was formed, pursuant to the Oslo Accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the government of Israel, as a five-year interim body. Further negotiations were then meant to take place between the two parties regarding its final status. As of 2013, more than eighteen years following the formulation of the Authority, this status has yet to be reached.

May 4, 1994: Gaza–Jericho Agreement – officially called Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area, was a follow-up treaty to the Oslo I Accord in which details of Palestinian autonomy were concluded. The agreement is commonly known as the 1994 Cairo Agreement. The Treaty provided for limited Palestinian self-rule in West Bank and Gaza Strip within five years. Pursuant to the Agreement, Israel promised to withdraw partly from Jericho in the West Bank and partly from the Gaza Strip, within three weeks from the date of the signing.

March 28, 2002: Arab Peace Initiative – a comprehensive peace initiative first proposed at the Beirut Summit of the Arab League by then-Crown Prince, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, and re-endorsed at the Riyadh Summit in 2007. The initiative attempts to end the Arab–Israeli conflict, which means normalizing relations between the entire Arab region and Israel, in exchange for a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories (including East Jerusalem) and a “just settlement” of the Palestinian refugee crisis based on UN Resolution 194 (which calls for a diplomatic resolution to the conflict and resolves that any refugees “wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors” should be able to do so or, if they otherwise wish, should be provided with compensation).

July 9, 2004: the International Court of Justice concluded that Israel had breached its obligations under international law by establishing settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and that Israel cannot rely on a right of self-defense or on a state of necessity in order to preclude the wrongfulness of imposing a régime, which is contrary to international law. The construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, and its associated régime, are contrary to international law.

February 7, 2012: Fatah–Hamas Doha Agreement was signed by President Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas chief Khaled Meshal in the presence of Qatar’s emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, intended to end the Fatah–Hamas conflict.

November 29, 2012: UN General Assembly grants Palestine non-member observer State status at UN; resolution 67/19; adopted by a vote of 138 in favor to nine against with 41 abstentions by the 193-member Assembly; nations who voted against: Canada, Czech Republic, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Panama, United States of America.

January 2013: Fatah-controlled Palestinian Authority rebranded itself as the State of Palestine in official documents.

September 7, 2013: 134 (69.4%) of the 193 member states of the United Nations have recognized the State of Palestine

April 2, 2014: Palestinian Authority signed up formally to the Geneva Conventions, which set down the rules of warfare and humanitarian operations in conflict zones. The Palestinians had pledged to freeze all moves to seek membership in U.N. organizations and international conventions – a stepping stone to recognition of their hoped-for state – during the talks in return for Israel’s release of veteran Arab prisoners. But after Israel announced plans to expand settlements in occupied Arab East Jerusalem, The State of Palestine turned to the U.N. organizations. The Palestinians have also submitted requests to the United Nations to join 13 other international conventions and treaties, and the world body has said that the move was legal. The treaties include the Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations, the convention on the rights of the child, the convention against torture and an anti-corruption accord.

June 2, 2014: Palestinian Unity Government of 2014 was formed after an agreement between the Fatah and Hamas parties; a national and political union formed under Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. The new government was recognized by the European Union, the United Nations, the United States, China, India, Russia and Turkey.

Religious Arguments

And the way of peace have they not known:

Michael

Michael is the ‘Elijah’ the Jews have been waiting for, whom scripture has foretold will presage the appearance of the Messiah.

Just as the Holy Spirit does not speak as from himself, but says only what he has learnt, glorifying Jesus, so it is with Michael. Everything the Father has is Christ’s. The counsel and guidance of Michael in his role as guardian angel will come from Jesus. Nothing in his guidance comes as from himself or will be designed to contribute to his own glory. Michael and the Holy Spirit work hand in hand for our welfare in Christ and are never far apart.

Scripture tells us that on His return, “the coming of the son of Man will be like lightning striking in the east and flashing far into the west.” (Mat. 24:27). He will not make His entrance through any gate. It is His messenger and herald that will pass through the gate, and as he does so, call out the command that brings the Lord’s return.

Michael’s expedition will represent the exodus of the Church, freed by the Rebel’s proclamation, leaving its long captivity in Babylon and returning in triumph to the Jerusalem it was banished from by the decree of God almost 2000 years ago. The journey will lead away from Rome (symbol of the Church’s dispersion to Babylon) through the eastern deserts, and finally to Jerusalem in Palestine which the holy contingent will approach from the east. Michael and his small entourage will represent the City of David returning to reunite itself with the city of Jerusalem, finally re-combining the long-divided twin Houses of Israel back into a single entity once again. With Michael’s appearance in Jerusalem, the Jews, so long blind, will suddenly regain their sight and see the Lord of Hosts. Falling to their knees in sorrow and joy, they will repent of their sins in His name. Instantly, unity between the two houses of Israel will be reestablished.

Michael will appear to finish in person what he began in the spirit, leading Israel into the true Promised Land ­ the kingdom of heaven (Ex. 23:20).

“The Lord showed me Joshua the high priest, standing before the angel of God, with Satan standing on his right to accuse him. The angel of God said to Satan, ‘May the Lord rebuke you, Satan, may the Lord rebuke you, he who has made Jerusalem his very own. Is not this man a brand snatched from the fire?

“I myself will send an angel before you to guard you as you go and to bring you to the place that I have prepared. Give him reverence and listen to all that he says. Offer him no resistance; he would not pardon such a fault, for my name is in him. If you listen carefully to his voice and do all that I say, I shall be enemy to your enemies, foe to your foes. My angel will go before you and lead you…”

“When that day comes, the Lord will spread his protection over the citizens of Jerusalem; the one among them who was about to fall will be like David on that day, and the House of David will be like God (like the angel of the Lord) at their head.”

Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east: And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me. And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places. Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern. 

Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it was shut.  Then said the Lord unto me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the Lord, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it shall be shut. It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same. 

And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people

When Michael appears, the people of Jerusalem will recognize his approach from the Mount of Olives as he heralds Christ’s Second Coming. Seeing Michael and those who are with him advance toward them, the Jewish people will welcome the arrival with the words, “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord”. The stone sealing the eastern gate, having fallen before him, Michael will pass through its portals and call out the command. With that the trumpet will sound and Jesus will return in glory with all the angels of heaven.

“In all this there is no one to lend me support except Michael your prince, on whom I rely to give me support and reinforce me.”

Israel

Exodus 23:31 (KJV) And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee.

My Peace Plan meets these requirements: Israel would span from the Red Sea, with coasts on the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba and to the southern-most point of the former Sinai Peninsula, on the coast of the Red Sea. Even unto the sea of the Philistines; in the Bible, the Mediterranean Sea was also known as the “Sea of the Philistines” (Exod. 23:31), from the people occupying a large portion of its shores near the Israelites. Israel would continue to have a northern coast on the Mediterranean Sea. And from the desert, the desert is the Negev Desert, and now would extend to the southern-most point of the Sinai. Unto the river, unto implies north from the Negev Desert to the Jordan River. Prophecies would be fulfilled.

The Torah does not record the Philistines as one of the nations to be displaced from Canaan. In Genesis 15:18-21 the Philistines are absent from the ten nations Abraham’s descendants will displace as well as being absent from the list of nations Moses tells the people they will conquer (Deut. 7:1, 20:17). God also intentionally directed the Israelites away from the Philistines upon their exit from Egypt according to Exodus 13:17.
In Genesis 21, Abraham agreed to a covenant of kindness with the Philistine king Avimelech and his descendants.

The Battle of Aphek is a biblical episode described in 1 Samuel 4:1-10 of the Hebrew Bible. During this battle the Philistines defeat the Israelite army and capture the Ark of the Covenant. After the Ark had been among them for seven months, the Philistines, on the advice of their diviners, returned it to the Israelites. The Israelites and Judahites have had four autonomous nations in this land, and have lived in this area for a period of 3285 years, if not more. The Philistines/Palestinians have lived in this area for a period of 3,191 years, if not more. So, the Palestinians and Israelis, both, have thousands of years of history in this land.

With this plan, there would be no more dead-lock for the zealots in Christianity; compromise is required for the second coming to be possible. There would be no more complaint of Judaism, would be no further need for the bully Israel, no more criticism, only praise and admiration. The Muslim nation could begin to truly live in Islam; a return to enlightenment; this plan is required for the coming of the Mahdi, Isa and Masih ad-Dajjal, and Yawm al-Qiyāmah in Al-Quds. For the Messiah to return through the East Gate and walk straight into the temple. For Jesus to come back on the Mount of Olives and walk through the East Gate. These are the beliefs of the three Abrahamic religions and the proposals in this plan will meet these goals.

And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

Prophecy

According to Jewish tradition the Messiah (Mashiach) will enter Jerusalem from the east. The gate has a special holiness; legend has it that the Shechinah (Divine Presence) used to appear through this gate and will appear again, and that in the meantime it must be left untouched. Muslims call this gate The Mercy Gate (Bab el Rahmeh) and according to the Koran, the just will pass through this gate on the Day of Judgment.

The Golden Gate, the oldest of all Jerusalem gates, is believed to be have been built by Byzantine Emperor Heraclius around 627 on the top of the ruins of previously existing gates. The stones in the wall just above the ground have been dated to the 6th century BCE, around the time of prophet Nehemiah. The Golden Gate is a structure that consists of the two gates that lead directly to the Temple Mount. The southern part of the gate is called the Gate of Mercy (Shaar Harashamim in Hebrew) as in ancient times Jews would pray in front of the gate asking Almighty for mercy. Muslims also refer to it as the Gate of Eternal Life. In the New Testament it is mentioned as a Beautiful Gate. The northern part is called Gate of Repentance (Shaar Teshuvah in Hebrew).   During the time of the First Temple period this was the closest entrance to the Temple of Solomon.

There is a little-known prophecy in the Book of Chronicles which describes some of what will occur here at the time of the end. This prophecy concerns two Israelite leaders and it shows that the Jewish nation will be divided into two separate factions as the End approaches. The leaders of these two factions are represented in the Book of Chronicles by Ahab of Israel and Jehoshaphat of Judea. (2 Chron.15-20). These two kings illustrate the two political philosophies that will hold sway in Israel during the last days. Ahab represents a future Israeli leader who will reject the spirit of true religion and choose to pursue a militant and worldly course much like the one which has been popularly embraced by many in Israel today. Jehoshaphat, on the other hand, images Ahab’s polar opposite — a benevolent leader to come who will encourage the peaceful and compassionate righteousness commanded by scripture.

In the end, the outcome defined in the pages of the Book of Chronicles will be repeated. The militant group will perish in battle while those who follow the peaceful directives of Jehoshaphat will have their eyes opened to see the Messiah in glory. From the beginning, the Hebrew religion has always revolved around the Word of God. Not only did the Ten Commandments form the spiritual heart of the Hebrew scriptures, they were materially palpable as well, residing in a carved acacia box called the ‘Ark of the Covenant’ which the Israelite priests kept secure in the holiest part of their temple. When the Ark of the Covenant disappeared at the time of the destruction of Solomon’s temple 600 years before Christ was born, the stone tablets which were housed inside it, and on which the Ten Commandements were written, disappeared as well.

With the sudden disappearance of the Ark, and the commandments it housed, a new focal point for worship had to be found. Facing the prospect of an empty temple with no ‘Word of God’ at its center, the Jewish priesthood raised up a replacement structure for worship in its place. It included a liturgy steeped in the outward manifestations of religion. The temple itself became the focus of God, not the commandments for which it was built. Blood sacrifice came to dominate the theology. (Jer.7:22-23).

The prophets considered this substitute liturgy a kind of idolatry — the pursuit of a false divinity of man-made altars and human traditions. (Amos 5:21-27; Is.1:11-20). Adding His voice to those of the prophets, Jesus also preached against this change, and He accused the leaders who had shunted Israel away from the commandments of “shutting up the kingdom of heaven in men’s faces, neither going in themselves nor allowing others to go in who want to”. (Mat.23:13-14). Kindness, mercy and the forgiveness of enemies were not values heavily embraced by this leadership.

“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets and stone those who are sent to you! How often have I longed to gather your children as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you refused! So be it, your house will be left to you desolate, for I promise, you shall not see me any more until you say: ‘Blessings on him who comes in the name of the Lord.” (Mt.23:37-39).

Thank you for considering World Peace.

About the Author

“At that time Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise.”

My name is Michael Ruark
(Michael-R-U-Ark)

Michael – (pron.: /ˈmaɪkəl/), is a given name that comes from the Hebrew: מִיכָאֵל / מיכאל‎ (Mikha’el), derived from the question מי כאל (mi k’ʔel) meaning “Who is like God?
In the Book of Revelation in the New Testament he is portrayed as the leader of
heaven’s armies, and thus is considered the patron saint of soldiers. In Hebrew
the name is pronounced as Mi-kha-el; spelling is Mem-Yud-Caf-Alef-Lamed
and means “Who is like God”.

Ruark – The Spirit came with what seemed like wind – the Hebrew word is Ruach (Ruark), a word which means an invisible, mysterious, and powerful force.
The same Ruach (ROO-akh), that drove back the Red Sea and blew the plague of  locusts over the land of Egypt and away again. It can also be used to describe some form of empowering from outside. A force beyond human experience takes possession of the person. – And this wind, this Ruach, was accompanied by fire, symbol of God’s presence.

In the Old Testament the breath of God, ‘Ruark’, conjured up for the Jews a picture of the powerful energy of God in the world. As ‘breath of God’ he creates, inspires, gives leadership, empowers, reveals God’s word and gives creative ability.

In the Tanakh, the word ruach generally means wind, breath, mind, spirit. In a living creature (nephesh chayah), the ruach is the breath. Ruach also denotes other entities: angelic beings [“spirits”]: Jud 9:23; 1 Sam 16:14-16, 23; 1 Kgs 22:21-24; 2 Kgs 19:7; Job 4:15  – ghosts of dead people: 1 Sam 28:8, 13; Isa 14:9; 26:14, 19

Posted in Colorado, Ireland, Israel, Middle East, My Thoughts, Mystery Religion, NWO, Palestine, Peace, Religion, Ruark, The Truth, USA | Leave a comment

Jesus as a de facto corporate logo

http://www.insider-magazine.com/christianmafia.htm

The roots of the Fellowship go back to the 1930s and a Norwegian immigrant and Methodist minister named Abraham Vereide. According to Fellowship archives maintained at the Billy Graham Center at Wheaton College in Illinois, Vereide, who immigrated from Norway in 1905, began an outreach ministry in Seattle in April 1935. But his religious outreach involved nothing more than pushing for an anti-Communist, anti-union, anti-Socialist, and pro-Nazi German political agenda. A loose organization and secrecy were paramount for Vereide. Fellowship archives state that Vereide wanted his movement to “carry out its objective through personal, trusting, informal, unpublicized contact between people.” Vereide’s establishment of his Prayer Breakfast Movement for anti-Socialist and anti-International Workers of the World (IWW or “Wobblies”) Seattle businessmen in 1935 coincided with the establishment of another pro-Nazi German organization in the United States, the German-American Bund. Vereide saw his prayer movement replacing labor unions.

A student of the un-Christian German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, Vereide’s thoughts about a unitary religion based on an unyielding subservience to a composite notion of “Jesus” put him into the same category as many of the German nationalist philosophers who were favored by Hitler and the Nazis. Nietzsche wrote the following of Christianity: “When we hear the ancient bells growling on a Sunday morning we ask ourselves: Is it really possible! This, for a Jew, crucified two thousand years ago, who said he was God’s son? The proof of such a claim is lacking.”

One philosophical fellow traveler of Vereide was the German Nazi philosopher Martin Heidegger, a colleague of Leo Strauss, the father of American neo-conservatism and the mentor of such present-day American neo-conservatives as Richard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz. Strauss’s close association with Heidegger and the Nazi idea of telling the big lie in order to justify the end goals – Machiavellianism on steroids — did not help Strauss in Nazi Germany. Because he was Jewish, he was forced to emigrate to the United States, where he eventually began teaching neo-conservative political science at the University of Chicago. It is this confluence of right-wing philosophies that provides a political bridge between modern-day Christian Rightists (including so-called Christian Zionists) and the secular-oriented neo-conservatives who support a policy that sees a U.S.-Israeli alliance against Islam and European-oriented democratic socialism. For the dominion theologists, the United States is the new Israel, with a God-given mandate to establish dominion over the entire planet. Neither the secular neo-conservatives nor Christian fundamentalists seem to have a problem with the idea of American domination of the planet, as witnessed by the presence of representatives of both camps as supporters of the neo-conservative Project for a New American Century, the neo-conservative blueprint for America’s attack on Iraq and plans to attack, occupy, and dominate other countries that oppose U.S. designs.

Not only was Vereide pro-Hitler, he was the only Norwegian of note, who was not officially a Nazi, who never condemned Norwegian Nazi leader Vidkun Quisling, a man whose name has become synonymous with traitor and who was executed in 1945. Vereide and Quisling were almost the same age, Vereide was born in 1886, Quisling in 1887. They both shared a link with the clergy, Vereide was a Methodist minister and Quisling was the son of a Lutheran minister.

Another pro-Nazi Christian fundamentalist group that arose in the pre-Second World War years was the Moral Rearmament Movement. Its leader was Frank Buchman, a Lutheran minister from Philadelphia. Buchman was a pacifist, but not just any pacifist. He and his colleagues in the United States, Britain, Norway, and South Africa reasoned that war could be avoided if the world would just accept the rise of Hitler and National Socialism and concentrate on stamping out Communism and Socialism. Buchman coordinated his activities with Vereide and his Prayer Breakfast Movement, which, by 1940, had spread its anti-left manifesto and agenda throughout the Pacific Northwest.

Buchman was effusive in his praise for Hitler. He was quoted by William A. H. Birnie of the New York World Telegram, “I thank Heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler, who built a front line of defense against the anti-Christ of Communism.” Buchman also secretly met with Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Gestapo and controller of the concentration camps. Buchman was at Himmler’s side at the 1935 Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg and again at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The predecessor of Buchman’s Moral Rearmament Group, the Oxford Group, included Moslems, Buddhists, and Hindus. Buchman and Hitler both saw the creation of a one-world religion based largely on Teutonic, Aryan, and other pagan traditions mixed with elements of Christianity. Buchman saw Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism as being compatible with his brand of Christianity. Hitler, too, had an affectation for Islam and Buddhism as witnessed by his support for the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, the anti-British Muslim Brotherhood, and Tibetan Buddhists. But Buchman had no sympathy for the Jews who Hitler was persecuting. Buchman told Birnie, “Of course, I don’t condone everything the Nazis do. Anti-Semitism? Bad, naturally. I suppose Hitler sees a Karl Marx in every Jew.”

Such global ecumenicalism is a founding principle for today’s Fellowship. With total devotion to Jesus and not necessarily His principles at its core, the Fellowship continues to reach out to Moslems (including Saudi extreme Wahhabi sect members), Buddhists, and Hindus. Its purpose has little to do with religion but everything to do with political and economic influence peddling and the reconstruction of the world in preparation for a thousand year Christian global dominion. Post-millenialist Fellowship members believe that Jesus will not return until there is a 1000-year pure Christian government established on Earth. It is this mindset that has infused the foreign policy of George W. Bush and his administration. The desire for a thousand year political dominion of the world is not new. Hitler planned for a “Thousand Year Reich” over the planet. It is not a coincidence that Hitler desired and the so-called Christian dominionists/reconstructionists now contemplate a thousand year reign. The Christian dominionists are the political heirs of Hitler, the Norwegians Vereide and Quisling, Buchman, Opus Dei founder and fascist patron saint Josemaria Escriva and their political and religious cohorts.

Meanwhile, Buchman’s co-ideologist Vereide made his first entrée into the U.S. Congress. In 1942, he began to hold small and discreet prayer breakfasts for the U.S. House of Representatives. The next year, the Senate began holding prayer breakfast meetings. Vereide’s Prayer Breakfast Movement was formally incorporated as the National Committee for Christian Leadership (NCCL). Its headquarters were in Chicago. In 1944, while Vereide’s friends in Germany were being pummeled by the Allies, especially by the Soviet Red Army, NCCL changed its name to International Christian Leadership (ICL), an indication that Vereide saw an immediate need to extend his influence abroad in the wake of a certain Nazi defeat. Vereide also made plans to move his headquarters to Washington, DC. In 1944, his first ICL Fellowship House was established in a private home at 6523 Massachusetts Avenue. In 1945, Vereide held his first joint Senate-House prayer breakfast meeting. In 1945, Vereide quickly got together a group of powerful right-wingers for a prayer breakfast following the death of President Roosevelt, one of Vereide’s and Buchman’s most despised politicians. Roosevelt did not comport with a President who followed the dictates of “God’s Will,” a major Vereide and Buchman principle. At the breakfast were Senators H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ), Lister Hill (D-AL), and World Report publisher David Lawrence. Lawrence was an ardent foe of the New Deal.

After President Truman announced that he was going to continue FDR’s programs – what he called the Fair Deal – the religious right of Republicans and southern Democrats decided to attack Truman. His vulnerability to charges that Communists were embedded in his administration would give rise to the cancer of McCarthyism. However, for the religious right of Vereide, Buchman, and their political allies, this was a necessary and God-driven form of political and moral cleansing. The radical right would also force Truman to consolidate power in a new post-war intelligence agency that would replace the Office of Strategic Services – the Central Intelligence Agency.

Senator Smith was a colleague of fellow Republican and anti-New Dealer Senator Prescott Bush from Connecticut (father of George H. W. Bush and grandfather of George W. Bush). According to Smith’s archived papers, he was also active with Buchman’s Oxford Group. Prior to the war, Alexander’s New Jersey was a hotbed of Nazi activity. The home of German admirer Charles Lindbergh (and the crime scene for a Nazi conspiracy to kidnap and murder his son) and the first port of call for the ill-fated Nazi airship, the SS Hindenburg, New Jersey was friendly territory for groups like Moral Rearmament, the Bund, the Ku Klux Klan, and Vereide’s Prayer Breakfast Movement. One of Alexander’s predecessors as a New Jersey Senator, J.P. Morgan investment banker Hamilton Fish Kean, was also a strenuous opponent of the New Deal until he left the Senate in 1935. His grandson, Thomas H. Kean would serve as New Jersey’s governor and co-chair of the controversial 911 Commission.

The connection between Vereide and segregation was highlighted by his close relationship with a Senator who was not only a member of the Ku Klux Klan but was engineered into office by them. But, surprisingly, this Senator was not from Alabama or Mississippi but from Maine. Republican Ralph Owen Brewster was not only a member of Vereide’s ICL, an anti-New Dealer but also anti-Catholic. This was yet another irony of the pre-Fellowship. Religious contradictions among its members were not as important as the drive for political and financial power.

The contradiction exists today with the Fellowship: Orthodox Jews, secular-oriented neo-conservative Jews, conservative Catholics, evangelical Protestants, and fundamentalist Sunni and Wahhabi Moslems all cooperate to further an agenda that uses Jesus as a de facto corporate logo.

Republican Ralph Owen Brewster was the consummate “religious” politician-businessman of his time. He was the person who personally introduced Vereide to many of his colleagues, including Senator Harold Hitz Burton (R-Ohio), a future Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Played by actor Alan Alda in the movie about Howard Hughes, The Aviator, Brewster engaged in a backroom illegal deal on behalf of Pan American Chairman Juan Trippe to force Hughes to sell Trans World Airlines to Pan Am in return for Brewster dropping a congressional investigation against Hughes for alleged war profiteering. One of Pan Am’s directors at the time of the feud between Hughes and the team of Brewster and Trippe was Prescott Bush. The grandfather of George W. Bush had seen the assets of Union Banking Corporation, on whose board he served, seized after the beginning of the Second World War by U.S. Treasury agents. It turned out that Bush’s bank was operated by Bush and his boss Averell Harriman on behalf of Nazi Germany. Prescott’s father-in-law, George Herbert “Bert” Walker, also represented Nazi German interests through his Brown Brothers, Harriman investment company and affiliated firms with names like American Shipping & Commerce, Harriman Fifteen Corporation, Holland Amercian Trading Corporation, Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation, Silesian-American Corporation, and Hamburg-Amerika Line that were tangled together in a circuitous spider’s web. This would be a blueprint for future Bush family/right-wing oil and intelligence enterprises involving election fraud, drug and weapons smuggling, and political assassinations.

In January 1947, Vereide sponsored the first Washington meeting of ICCL. representatives from the United States, Canada, Britain, Norway, Hungary, Egypt and China. In 1949, Vereide sent Wallace Haines to represent ICL at a meeting of German Christians held at Castle Mainau in Switzerland. Haines would become Vereide’s personal emissary to Europe. Haines was replaced in 1952 by the virulent anti-Communist Karl Leyasmeyer. In 1953, Vereide made his first entrée into the White House when President Dwight Eisenhower agreed to attend the first Presidential Prayer Breakfast. By that time, Vereide’s congressional core members grew to include such senators as Republicans Frank Carlson of Kansas and Karl Mundt of South Dakota. Both were virulent anti-Communists who established close ties with Vereide and his worldwide anti-Communist movement. Vereide also became very close to one of the Senate’s most ardent segregationists, Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, the man who led the Dixiecrat revolt against the Democratic Party in 1948. Thurmond would be a key part of the strategy of Vereide to evangelize poor whites in the South. For Vereide, it would bring converts to his peculiar brand of Christianity; for Thurmond, it would bring into the Republican Party former New Deal Democrats who saw their party straying from segregation and embracing civil rights. For the United States, the strategy would bring a radical form of fundamental zealotry closer to taking control of the country.

By 1957, ICL had established 125 groups in 100 cities, with 16 groups in Washington, DC alone. Around the world, it had set up another 125 groups in Canada, Britain, Germany, France, Northern Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Ethiopia (where Emperor Haile Selassie gave ICL property in Addis Ababa to build its African headquarters), India, South Vietnam, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Guatemala, Cuba, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Bermuda. ICL’s international activities coincided with activities in countries where the CIA was particularly active – an obvious by-product of the close cooperation between Vereide and the CIA’s Allen Dulles and James Jesus Angleton. Angleton and his close associate, Miles Copeland, favored using private businessmen to conduct operations that the CIA was barred from conducting statutorily. The ICL fit the bill very nicely. And although the Fellowship despised homosexuals, that did not stop FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, who was strongly rumored to have been gay, writing a prayer for Vereide.

With the end of colonial rule in large parts of Africa and Asia, Vereide and his new disciple, an Oregonian Christian youth worker named Douglas Coe, set out to make contacts in a number of the newly-independent nations. Coe soon became Vereide’s heir apparent. ICL also established an Asian headquarters in Hong Kong.

In 1958, Representative Albert H. Quie (R-MN) became an important core member of Vereide’s group. The Presidential Prayer Breakfast became an annual Washington institution. Since Billy Graham became a regular fixture at the misnamed “Presidential” prayer breakfast, many attendees figured that the event was officially sponsored by the White House. They were wrong, very wrong. Had they understood the Nazi and Fascist pasts of Vereide and his associates, it is doubtful that the annual prayer breakfast would have taken on such trappings of a state function. Early attention to the group may have prevented them from gaining a toehold in the White House and Congress.

One of Buchman’s followers in the military was General Edwin A. Walker, fired by President John F. Kennedy for insubordination. It was later alleged that Lee Harvey Oswald had attempted to assassinate Walker, a laughable charge considering the right-wing affiliations of both.

As the world reeled in horror at the shooting death of President Kennedy in Dallas in November 1963, the ICL moved into a new Fellowship House at 2817 Woodland Drive in northwest Washington, DC near the Shoreham Hotel. Later it would move to 1904 North Adams Street in Arlington, Virginia, just a few blocks from 2507 North Franklin Road where another virulent right-winger and anti-Semite named George Lincoln Rockwell had set up his own national headquarters. From another one of his Arlington headquarters, nicknamed Hatemongers Hill, Rockwell flew the Nazi flag, blared the Nazi Horst Wessel anthem into the street and menaced trespassers with two vicious dogs – one named Gas Chamber, the other dubbed Auschwitz. Rockwell, a retired U.S. Navy Commander, was the Fuehrer of the American Nazi Party. Rockwell and Vereide shared something in common other than the same neighborhood: absolute hatred for Jews and homosexuals.

In 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated after he won California’s Democratic primary by Sirhan Sirhan, a Palestinian émigré to America. Kennedy was succeeded in the Senate by Charles E. Goodell, appointed by New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller. Goodell was also a core member of the Fellowship.

On January 30, 1969, Vereide, Billy Graham, and newly-inaugurated President Richard Nixon gathered for the Presidential Prayer Breakfast. There is little doubt that Nixon had been tipped off years before by his friend and bankroller Howard Hughes about Vereide’s ties to Pan Am’s Trippe and his bought-and-paid for senator, Brewster. Nevertheless, Nixon, a Quaker, became close to Billy Graham, the North Carolina-born evangelist and one-time student at Bob Jones University who is also the Fellowship’s patron saint. Obviously, Nixon shared the Fellowship’s and Graham’s anti-Semitism.

The tapes reveal the inconsistencies of the Fellowship. On one hand, their Nazi and Fascist past and tendencies make it seem unlikely that they would be supportive of Israel. Yet, support for Israel is not only something advocated by Graham but also by the shock troops for today’s fundamentalist movement, the so-called “Christian Zionist” wing of the Fellowship.

Although Nixon would later come to distrust the Fellowship, one of his closest confidants, Charles Colson, would become one of the key figures in the group. Colson served time in jail as a result of his involvement in the Watergate scandal. He would later re-emerge “born again” and serve as a covert adviser to the very same elements who would propel George W. Bush into office as President. No longer would the Fellowship have a paranoid, moderate Republican like Nixon or corny, superficially Christians like Reagan or George H. W. Bush in the White House. For the Fellowship, Nixon, Reagan and the first Bush served their purposes but they were not true believers. In their minds, after an unsuccessful coup against Roosevelt and war with their brethren in Germany; the uncooperative and “left leaning” administrations of Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson; a paranoid administration in Nixon; a transitional Gerald Ford; a born again Christian anomaly in Jimmy Carter; partial entrees to power with Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush; and absolute disgust with Bill Clinton, the Fellowship believed it was God’s will that they would have one of their very own core members wielding power in the Oval Office and carrying out God’s (the Fellowship’s) dictates. In George W. Bush, who had been indoctrinated into the total submission to Jesus (the Fellowship) after his involvement with alcohol and drugs, fundamentalists would not only be able to remake the United States but, indeed, the entire world.

Billy Graham also supported the war in Vietnam. On April 15, 1969, just a few months after the National Prayer Breakfast, Graham sent a secret letter to Nixon from Bangkok, where the evangelical preacher was meeting Fellowship missionaries from South Vietnam. Graham and the missionaries urged Nixon to step up the bombing of North Vietnam and include in the campaign the bombing of dikes to “overnight destroy the economy of North Vietnam.”

In 1969, Vereide died and was succeeded by Coe. It is amazing how this right-wing Nazi sympathizer has been eulogized by Fellowship adherents. Norman Grubb’s biography of Vereide, titled Modern Viking — The Story of Abraham Vereide, Pioneer in Christian Leadership, offers the following description of Vereide’s biography:

“This is the story of a Norwegian immigrant to the United States who was the founder of International Christian Leadership, the legal name of what is popularly called The Fellowship, the origin of the Prayer Breakfast movement. While pastoring in Seattle, he also founded the first Good Will Industry. Vereide was a single-minded pre-World War II pioneer. The book is a narrative of meetings, people and letters as Vereide befriended government and business leaders in the name of Christ. He was a world-class leader whose legacy is thriving today on every continent.”

Yet another influence convinced Nixon that for the good of the Republican Party he should resign. He was the individual Nixon named as chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1973. His name was George H. W. Bush, the man whose grandfather and father had championed the very same interests who were behind the pseudo-Christian Fellowship and Moral Rearmament – the Nazis and Fascists.

Bush had reason to be thankful to the Christian fundamentalists. They helped his son, George W. Bush, avoid a certain court martial and prison time. On or about April 18, 1972, the Houston Police arrested First Lieutenant George W. Bush of the Texas Air National Guard for possession of cocaine. Bush and a friend were booked into the Harris County jail. Bush’s father, who was serving as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, hurriedly flew to Houston from New York and began to make the required phone calls to keep his son from receiving a court martial, dishonorable discharge, and a prison sentence. As one senior Bush business partner recalled, then-Ambassador Bush knew that junior was in “deep shit.” Senior Bush arranged for his son to serve at a religious drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in San Diego between May and November 1972. Conservative San Diego was a major center for Fellowship activities.

The time Bush spent in religious rehab in San Diego represents part of the famous “gap” in Bush’s National Guard service record. http://www.rehabinfo.net/california/san-diego/

Junior Bush’s time in San Diego at a Christian drug and alcohol rehabilitation center is where the future President of the United States would first be given large doses of Jesus indoctrination. With Nixon’s resignation in disgrace and the Republicans taking a beating in the 1974 elections, little did the Fellowship realize what a huge catch they had made in George W. Bush. Gerald Ford’s administration vainly tried to salvage the Republican cause – but Ford would be defeated in the 1976 race against a born-again Christian, nuclear submarine commander, and former peanut farmer from Georgia named Jimmy Carter. True, Carter was an evangelical Christian but he was not the type favored by the Fellowship and their big business allies, especially two key members of the Ford administration, Chief of Staff Dick Cheney and Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. And Ford’s CIA Director, George H. W. Bush, was miffed when Carter did not invite him top stay on as spy chief. Bush would have his revenge against the upstart former Governor of Georgia and peanut farmer soon enough.

One young Texas college apprentice of Nixon’s chief dirty tricks sorcerer Donald Segretti, Karl Christian Rove, was one of them. There were also credible reports that Segretti used members of the neo-Nazi National Socialist White People’s Party in Los Angeles to engage in dirty tricks on behalf of the Nixon campaign. Another suspected Nazi sympathizer with the Nixon campaign was his White house aide Fred Malek. Nixon was also deputy director of the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP). Nixon ordered Malek to find out if there was a “Jewish cabal” within the Bureau of Labor Statistics and he ordered him to make a list of Jews in the agency. Later, in 1988, Malek was George H. W. Bush’s liaison to Eastern European right-wing “ethnic community” leaders who were members of the Heritage Groups Council. Many of these ethnic leaders were ex-Nazis. They included Hungarian fascist Arrow Cross officer Laszlo Pastor, Romanian fascist Iron Guard official Father Florian Galdau, and Radi Slavoff of the Bulgarian National Front, the successor organization to Bulgaria’s wartime Nazi and Fascist parties.

Like Vereide, Rove was a Norwegian-American with a penchant for evangelical politics. Rove’s decidedly un-Christian method for going below the belt politically earned him the attention and interest of the Chairman of the Republican National Committee, George H. W. Bush. The 22-year-old Rove, who dropped out of college, decided to run for Chairman of the College Republicans. The coordinator of his campaign in the southern states was Lee Atwater, another noted dirty tricks operator. Both Rove and Atwater would rise to prominence as members of the Bush Dynasty’s inner circle.

In 1973, Weyrich and Joseph Coors (after all, “Jesus” and beer are not mutually exclusive) started the right-wing Heritage Foundation, a spawning ground for future Republican politicians and policy planks. Many of their policy initiatives, including the dismantling of Roosevelt’s New Deal, Truman’s Fair Deal, and Johnson’s Great Society, were to have their genesis in the Heritage Foundation.

Rove helped George W. Bush in his failed 1978 campaign for a congressional seat in Texas. Although Bush got his first dose of “Jesus” control in 1972 in San Diego, he was not a very good disciple. In 1978, he was still drinking heavily. A failed oilman in west Texas, it would have been easy to write him off politically. But this son of George H. W. Bush would prove extremely useful for the Fellowship and its allies.

Another troubled young man who was exposed to Christian evangelism but who became active in right-wing Nazi causes was John W. Hinckley, Jr., the Texas-raised son of the wealthy head of Vanderbilt Energy Company, John W. Hinckley, Sr. Eventually, the Hinckleys moved from Dallas, Texas to Evergreen, Colorado. Hinckley, Jr., like Rove, dropped out of college. After a failed attempt at becoming a songwriter in Hollywood, Hinckley returned to Evergreen, where he worked as a busboy in a nightclub. In late 1980, at the same time George H. W. Bush was planning his meeting in Paris with emissaries of the Islamic regime in Iran to convince them to hold on to U.S. embassy hostages taken captive in Tehran in 1979 until after the presidential election — in order to deny President Carter an “October Surprise” — Hinckley began stalking Carter. He also stalked presidential candidate Senator Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts. When Nashville Airport baggage metal detectors identified two handguns in Hinckley’s luggage, he was arrested, had his weapons confiscated, fined $62.50, and released. President Carter was making a campaign stop in Nashville the day Hinckley was arrested but the Secret Service decided not to make any more inquiries. Hinckley then purchased two more handguns.

John Hinckley’s brother Scott, who was Vice President of Vanderbilt Energy, was a friend of Neil Bush, George H. W. Bush’s Colorado-based son who would later go on to infamy in the Silverado Savings & Loan scandal. George H. W. Bush was sworn in as Vice President of the United States on January 20, 1981. Instead of a surprise that would help Carter win re-election, the October Surprise turned out to be a Bush surprise that cost Carter the election. True to their agreement with Bush, the Iranians released American embassy hostages they very moment Ronald Reagan was sworn in as president. A few weeks later, Reagan appeared at the National Prayer Breakfast at the Washington Hilton Hotel along with Vice President Bush. Longtime Fellowship leader Albert Quie, then Governor of Minnesota, gave the keynote message.

A little over two months later, John W. Hinckley, Jr., stepped from a crowd gathered outside the very same hotel where Reagan had prayed in February with the Fellowship. Hinckley fired six shots from his Rohm R6-14 handgun in the direction of Reagan. One struck the president in his left chest, the bullet lodging an inch from Reagan’s heart. George H. W. Bush was literally one inch from the presidency. But the Bush dynasty’s total seizure of the White House would have to wait.

At George Washington Hospital, Reagan was erroneously given a cold blood transfusion, something that a number of medical experts later saw as contributing to the onset of Alzheimer’s Disease. White House Press Secretary James Brady, a Secret Service agent, and a Washington police officer were also wounded – Brady so severely he became an invalid. Ironically, the next evening, Neil was to have hosted Hinckley’s brother Scott at a dinner party at his Colorado home. Immediately, the media began to concentrate on the connections between Reagan’s attempted assassin and the Bush family. NBC’s John Chancellor was particularly interested in the connection between Bush and Hinckley. According to the Houston Post, Bush spokeswoman Shirley Green called the connection “a bizarre happenstance, a weird occurrence.” For a family whose imprimatur is connected to so many American scandals, bizarre and weird should have been replaced with commonplace and expected.

John Hinckley and Neil Bush both lived in Lubbock, Texas during 1978. Neil was in Lubbock to work as manager for his brother George’s 1978 congressional campaign. Also in Lubbock was John Hinckley, Jr., who lived there since 1974. Rove was also a frequent visitor to Lubbock as a campaign strategist for the Bush campaign. It was yet another nexus between the Bush Family and other nefarious events. After all, George H. W. Bush’s address and phone number (“Bush, George H.W. [Poppy] 1412 W. Ohio also Zapata Petroleum Midland 4-6355”) were found in the address book of George de Mohrenschildt, a Texan and Russian émigré with a fascist past in Europe who befriended Lee Harvey and Marina Oswald after the future accused assassin of President Kennedy returned from the Soviet Union. The pro-Nazi Allen Dulles was appointed by President Johnson to serve on the Warren Commission, which ensured the investigation of President Kennedy’s assassination never went beyond the self-described “patsy,” Oswald, to include his right-wing friends and associates.

And the Nazi thread was also strong with both Oswald and Hinckley. Oswald had the Arlington, Virginia Nazi Party headquarters address of George Lincoln Rockwell in his address book when he was arrested following Kennedy’s assassination. Hinckley was a member of the National Socialist Party of America, which continued to function after Rockwell’s assassination in Arlington in 1967. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, Hinckley, Jr. had participated in a march honoring Rockwell.

The senior Hinckley had been involved with World Vision, a Christian evangelical association involved with a number of covert U.S. intelligence operations abroad. Like the Fellowship, World Vision acted as a Trojan horse for U.S. intelligence and business interests in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War and Central America during the illegal U.S. support for the Nicaraguan contras. In fact, a number of World Vision officials, including two of its presidents, have been core members of the Fellowship. World Vision continues to involve itself in such hot spots as Iraq and Congo. According to Jeff Sharlet’s 2003 article in Harper’s, Coe admitted to having a close relationship with Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, the dictator the Sandinistas overthrew in 1979. While the senior Hinckley headed up World Vision, one of its youthful volunteers was Mark David Chapman, also a native of Texas. He would later assassinated ex-Beatle John Lennon on a New York City street. Like John W. Hinckley, Jr., another right-wing would-be assassin and busboy was Arthur Herman Bremer from Milwaukee.

The world would not hear the last of Rockwell and his disciples. His Nazi Party would change its name to the National Socialist White People’s Party and remain in Arlington. Eventually, it would change its name to “The Order” and move to the West where it became even more violent. One former Rockwell assistant, William Pierce, would form the neo-Nazi National Alliance. Pierce had worked with Rockwell in Arlington in the 1960s. He later joined the National Youth Alliance, headed up by another neo-Nazi, Willis Carto, who also led the Liberty Lobby. Using the pseudonym Andrew MacDonald, Pierce would pen “The Turner Diaries,” a neo-Nazi rant that called for the overthrow of the U.S. government and the extermination of non-whites and Jews. Pierce was the inspiration behind the founding of the Aryan “Christian Identity” movement. One of Pierce’s fans was Timothy McVeigh, found guilty of bombing the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995, killing 168 people, including a number of children. According to Jersey City Police sources, when arrested, McVeigh had the business card of a Jersey City social services worker in his possession.

Jersey City was a major base of operations for Ramzi Yousef, who masterminded the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, and Mohammed Atta and Marwan al Shehhi, who piloted two passenger jet liners into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. This would not be the only connection between right-wing Nazis and radical Islamists. The Fellowship and Doug Coe reached out to the most radical elements in the Islamic world, including members of the Saudi royal elite who bankrolled Osama Bin Laden and his Al Qaeda followers. According to the Los Angeles Times, as early as 1979, Coe had a special relationship with the Saudis when he arranged a meeting between a Pentagon official and the Saudi Minister of Commerce. In 1988, Saudi ambassador to the United States, Prince Bandar bin Saud, read passages from the Koran at the National Prayer Breakfast. This was at a time the Afghan mujaheddin was coming under the radical influences of Saudi Wahhabis through the “good offices” of Osama bin Laden and other radicals. Coe and his Cedars members also kept in close touch with such Muslim leaders as Presidents Suharto and Megawati Sukarnaputri of Indonesia, General Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan, Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan, Mohammed Siad Barre of Somalia (who offered Coe that he would convert to Christianity from Islam if he could be assured of U.S. weapons sales to combat aggression from Soviet-armed Ethiopia), Kuwaiti officials, and even Saddam Hussein. At the same time, Coe heaped praise on the “covenants” Bin Laden, as well as Hitler, established with their respective followers.

Another organization affiliated with the Fellowship is the Campus Crusade for Christ, which, in turn, runs something called the Christian Embassy, its outreach arm in Washington. There is also an “International Christian Embassy” in Jerusalem that also houses the studios of Pat Robertson’s Christian Broadcasting Network. Through the Campus Crusade, the Fellowship and its affiliates seek converts among college students in the United States and abroad. An additional Fellowship activity is the National Student Leadership Program and the associated Navigators, which seek converts among college and high school-aged young people. The Fellowship’s network can also reach out to other evangelicals for the purpose of political marches on Washington. Whether they are called “Jesus Marches,” Promise Keeper rallies, or anti-abortion gatherings, the fundamentalists have been able to tap the support of Falwell; Richard Roberts, the son of Oklahoma-based evangelist Oral Roberts; and Florida-based evangelist Benny Hinn. In addition, the Fellowship has its own aggressive “Youth Corps,” which is active seeking converts, according to Jeff Sharlet’s Harper’s article, in countries as diverse as Russia, Ukraine, Romania, India, Pakistan, Uganda, Nepal, Bhutan, Ecuador, Honduras, and Peru. The Fellowship seeks to groom young leaders for future positions of leadership in countries around the world.

According to Sharlet, the goal of the Fellowship is “two hundred national and international world leaders bound together relationally by a mutual love for God and the family.” In Fellowship-speak, the “family” is synonymous with the Fellowship. The strategy of placing Fellowship “moles” in foreign governments would pay off nicely when George W. Bush and his advisers had to cobble together a “Coalition of the Willing” to support the U.S. invasion of Iraq.

The Christian Right, having cleverly hidden its Nazi and Fascist past, was on the march. The movement would soon tap ambitious conservative politicians eager to use its vast resources to achieve political power. Newt Gingrich, Dennis Hastert, John Ashcroft, Tom DeLay, Dan Quayle — and, after a concordat with failed 1988 Republican presidential candidate Pat Robertson — George H. W. Bush, would all become followers, some for truly religious reasons, but most for political opportunism. But the biggest prize of all was yet to be heard from. The failed businessman and politician from west Texas, George W. Bush, was now a firm believer in the Fellowship agenda. In his father’s 1988 race against Michael Dukakis, the junior Bush was his father’s liaison to the fundamentalist right. Junior Bush would help channel advice and money from the Christian Right to his father’s campaign. In a sign of things to come, the Bush campaign savaged Michael Dukakis over a convicted murderer and prison parolee in Massachusetts named Willie Horton, who, after he was released from prison, held a Maryland couple hostage, raping the wife and stabbing her husband. The strategy was based on the Bush campaign notion that Dukakis, if elected, would pardon African American prisoners who would rape white women. An attack ad ran on television by a Republican group insinuated that Dukakis would release blacks who would threaten whites. For the junior Bush and the Christian Right, it was a campaign position that would pay off handsomely in the future when dealing with John McCain and John Kerry. One of the architects of the 1988 “Willie Horton was Lee Atwater, the close associate of Karl Rove.

A senator who incurred the wrath of the Fellowship and its allies was the man who challenged George W. Bush for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000 – John McCain. After McCain beat Bush in New Hampshire, the right-wing evangelicals pulled out all the stops to nail McCain on their home turf – South Carolina. Christian operatives associated with Karl Rove, Ralph Reed, and South Carolina’s Bob Jones University began spreading rumors – through “push polls,” e-mail, sermons, and word-of-mouth that McCain fathered an illegitimate “black girl” out of wed lock (a reference to his adopted Bangladeshi daughter), that he was a traitor while a prisoner of war in North Vietnam, that his wife Cindy was a druggie, and that he was gay. The gambit paid off. McCain was trounced by Bush in South Carolina and Bush went on to win the Republican nomination. For the Christian mafia, Bush was their best hope for total control since the founding of the United States. Next, the fundamentalists turned their attention to the Democratic nominee – Al Gore, a former theological seminary student.

Although Gore won the popular vote for President, a phalanx of right-wing GOP operatives descended on the pivotal state of Florida to engage in judicial subterfuge after widespread voter suppression took place at the polling places. Two fundamentalists on the U.S. Supreme Court – Antonin Scalia (an Opus Dei member) and Clarence Thomas – voted with three other members to stop the Florida vote recount, ensuring that Bush won the White House. Nevertheless, Gore has always admired Doug Coe, even calling him his “personal hero.”

Prior to 2000, the FBI, in a report titled “Project Megiddo” warned that Christian millenialist sects might use the beginning of the 21st century to pull of a grand terrorist act. The report stated, “The volatile mix of apocalyptic religious and [New World Order] conspiracy theories may produce violent acts aimed at precipitating the end of the world as prophesied in the Bible.” The name Meggido refers to a hill in northern Israel that was the site of a number of Biblical battles. “Armageddon” is Hebrew for Megiddo Hill. The FBI report warned that Christian millenialists might strike military installations and buildings in New York City such as the UN headquarters.”

Journalist, columnist, and television commentator Bill Moyers wrote that “for the first time in our history, ideology and theology hold a monopoly of power in Washington.” Ever since Abraham Vereide, a misguided immigrant to this country who brought very un-American ideas of Nazism and Fascism with him in his steamer trunk, the so-called “Christian” Right has long waited to take the biggest prize of all – the White House. Moyers correctly sees the Dominionists or “End Timers” as being behind the invasion of Iraq. He cites the Book of Revelation that states,four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates will be released to slay the third part of man.” Such words may have their place in Sunday School and in church halls but using such thinking to launch wars of convenience or religious prophecy have no place in our federal and democratic republic. Moyers also rightly sees fundamentalist thought behind Bush’s “faith-based initiatives” and the rolling back of environmental regulations.

The political and religious dynasties who have embraced the Fellowship, Vereide, Fascism, Moon, Buchman, Moral Rearmament and all of their current and past manifestations, hatreds, and phobias show no sign of ceding power any time soon. There are many such father-son dynasties that hope to ensure a continuation of their shameful racketeering and political chicanery under the corporate “logo” of Jesus: George H. W. Bush to George W. Bush; Douglas Coe to David Coe; Billy Graham to Franklin Graham; Oral Roberts to Richard Roberts, Pat Robertson to Gordon Robertson; Jerry Falwell to Jonathan Falwell; Jeb Bush to George P. Bush; Robert Schuller Sr. to Robert Schuller, Jr., and Sun Myung Moon to at least nine sons.

Posted in NWO, Religion, The Truth, USA | Leave a comment

“WOLF!!!”

http://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/foreign-policy/item/20255-is-netanyahu-crying-wolf-about-iran

in 1996, Netanyahu warned of the “catastrophic consequences, not only for my country, and not only for the Middle East, but for all mankind,” if Iran gained possession of a nuclear bomb, adding “the deadline for attaining this goal is getting extremely close.”

In 2009, according to a U.S. State Department cable published by Wikileaks, Netanyahu, then a candidate for prime minister, told a visiting U.S. congressional delegation that Iran was “probably one or two years away” from nuclear weapons capability.

Later that year, according to another cable, Netanyahu, back in office as prime minister, told another delegation of American politicians that “Iran has the capability now to make one bomb,” adding, “they could wait and make several bombs in a year or two.”

In a 2010 interview with The Atlantic’s Jeffrey Goldberg, Netanyahu said, “You don’t want a messianic apocalyptic cult controlling atomic bombs,” adding, “that’s what is happening in Iran.”

Most memorably, Netanyahu appeared at the United Nations in 2012, with a poster of a cartoon bomb, drawing a line just under the wick to illustrate how close Iran was to producing a nuclear bomb. The fuse would be lit by the following spring or summer, he predicted.

In 2011, the Christian Science Monitor published a timeline of those predictions, including one in 1984, made shortly after West German engineers visited the unfinished Bushehr nuclear reactor. Jane’s Defence Weekly, a highly respected source of military information, quoted West German intelligence sources as saying Iran’s production of a bomb “is entering its final stages.”

Thirty-one years later, Iran is still — or perhaps again — on the verge of developing a nuclear bomb, according to what is being said repeatedly in Congress as well as by Netanyahu and others.

A National Intelligence Estimate report of 16 U.S. intelligence agencies in 2007 found no evidence that Iran was engaged in a nuclear weapons program. Another NIE in 2011 came to the same conclusion.

“Let there be no doubt: America is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, and I will take no options off the table to achieve that goal,” Obama said in his 2012 State of the Union Address. Barely a month later, he granted an interview to The Atlantic magazine in which he again said, “All options are on the table,” adding that the final option is “the military component.” Appearing at the American-Israel Political Action Committee Policy Conference on March 4, 2012, Obama gave the “military component” added emphasis, drawing enthusiastic applause when he said:

I have said that when it comes to preventing Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, I will take no options off the table, and I mean what I say. That includes all elements of American power: a political effort aimed at isolating Iran; a diplomatic effort to sustain our coalition and ensure that the Iranian program is monitored; an economic effort that imposes crippling sanctions; and, yes, a military effort to be prepared for any contingency.

And as Congress pondered President George W. Bush’s path to war with Iraq in 2002, there again was Benjamin Netanyahu, with no doubts about Saddam Hussein’s development of nuclear weapons.

“There is no question whatsoever,” he told a congressional committee, “that Saddam is seeking and is working and advancing toward the development of nuclear weapons. No question whatsoever.” Recalling Israel’s bombing of a nuclear reactor in Iraq in 1981, Netanyahu added: “And today the United States must destroy the same regime, because a nuclear-armed Saddam will place the security of the entire world at risk. And make no mistake about it, if and once Saddam has nuclear weapons, the terror network will have nuclear weapons.”

The U.S.-led invasion of Iraq did not turn up those “weapons of mass destruction,” but it did bring about the destruction of Saddam’s regime and with it, the power vacuum in Iraq that opened the door in that country to al-Qaeda and has since given rise to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

Good Ol’ Netanyahu

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/23/leaked-spy-cables-netanyahu-iran-bomb-mossad

The Mossad briefing about Iran’s nuclear programme in 2012 was in stark contrast to the alarmist tone set by Netanyahu, who has long presented the Iranian nuclear programme as an existential threat to Israel and a huge risk to world security. In a report shared with South African spies on 22 October 2012 – but likely written earlier – it conceded that Iran was “working to close gaps in areas that appear legitimate, such as enrichment reactors, which will reduce the time required to produce weapons from the time the instruction is actually given”. But the report also states that Iran “does not appear to be ready” to enrich uranium to the higher levels necessary for nuclear weapons. To build a bomb requires enrichment to 90%. Mossad estimated that Iran then had “about 100kg of material enriched to 20%” (which was later diluted or converted under the terms of the 2013 Geneva agreement). Iran has always said it is developing a nuclear programme for civilian energy purposes.

The former Mossad chief Meir Dagan, who left office in December 2010, let it be known that he had opposed an order from Netanyahu to prepare a military attack on Iran. Other members of Israel’s security establishment were riled by Netanyahu’s rhetoric on the Iranian nuclear threat and his advocacy of military confrontation. In April 2012, a former head of Shin Bet, Israel’s internal security agency, accused Netanyahu of “messianic” political leadership for pressing for military action, saying he and the then defence minister, Ehud Barak, were misleading the public on the Iran issue. There were also suspicions in Washington that Netanyahu was seeking to bounce Obama into taking a more hawkish line on Iran.

Posted in Israel, Middle East, NWO, Palestine, The Truth, USA | Leave a comment

10 RIGHTS

First Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Second Amendment: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Third Amendment: No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Sixth Amendment:  In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Seventh Amendment: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Eighth Amendment: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

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Is the U.S. still the “Greatest Country”

There are 196 countries in the world today – the United States of America ranks:

1st in number of adults who believe angels are real
1st in defense spending – spending more than the next 10 countries combined,
8 of whom are our allies

140226_bi_militarychart

NOTE: Defense spending accounts for about 20 percent of all federal spending —
nearly as much as Social Security, or the combined spending for Medicare and Medicaid.

1st in production of oil and natural gas – daily output exceeding 11 million barrels
1st in the super rich – a net worth of at least USD 50 million (46% live in the U.S.)
1st in incarceration – 527,080 more prisoners than China, which ranks 2nd
1st in death by violence
1st in small arms imports
2nd largest trading nation in the world
2nd largest manufacturer – representing a fifth of the global manufacturing output
2nd for approval of drone strikes – Israel ranks 1st
4th in exports
6th in median household income – down from second highest in 2007
7th in literacy
10th in economic freedom
10th in purchasing power of minimum wage
11th in labor force
11th in minimum wage
15th in perceived press freedom
17th in education
17th in happiness
19th in national satisfaction
22nd in science
22nd in gender equality
23th in math
23rd in wage distribution
24th in freedom from corruption
27th in leisure and personal care
29th in intellectual property protection
43rd in homicide rates
44th in health care efficiency
49th in life expectancy
66th in religious diversity
67th in slavery
89th in depth of global connectedness
99th in peacefulness
101st in peace
125th in GDP growth per capita
178th in infant mortality

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Patriot Ed Snowden

http://mashable.com/2014/06/05/edward-snowden-revelations/

Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans’ phone records
Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers’ phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn’t just Verizon, but virtually every other telephone company in America. This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and “almost Orwellian,” while another one ruled it legal.

PRISM
PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA’s program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others. Its reality was slightly different. PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn’t have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

Britain’s version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world
The British spy agency, the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), taps fiber optic cables all over the world to intercept data flowing through the global Internet, we learned. The GCHQ works closely with the NSA, sharing data and intelligence in a program that’s codenamed Tempora. Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders
NSA targets at least 122 world leaders. Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil’s President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico’s former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

XKeyscore, the program that sees everything
XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search “nearly everything a user does on the Internet” through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the “widest-reaching” system to search through Internet data.

NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security
NSA has a developed a series of techniques and tricks to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies. The NSA, however, isn’t able to compromise the encryption algorithms underlying these technologies. Instead, it circumvents or undermines them, forcing companies to install backdoors, hacking into servers and computers, or promoting the use weaker algorithms. In any case, technologists were alarmed. “Even as the NSA demands more powers to invade our privacy in the name of cybersecurity, it is making the Internet less secure and exposing us to criminal hacking, foreign espionage, and unlawful surveillance. The NSA’s efforts to secretly defeat encryption are recklessly shortsighted and will further erode not only the United States’ reputation as a global champion of civil liberties and privacy but the economic competitiveness of its largest companies,” Christopher Soghoian, principal technologist at the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) said at the time.

NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed
The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed “Tailored Access Operations” (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail. Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO’s secrets, labelled it as “a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked.” But they can probably be best described as the NSA’s black bag operations team. TAO comes in for specific, targeted operations when the NSA can’t find intelligence or needs more detailed information on a target through its bulk surveillance programs. Before Snowden, most of their operations and techniques were shrouded in secrecy, and their secrets make for one of the most fascinating revelations.

NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links
When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies’ backs. This revelation was made famous mostly by a Power Point slide that included a celebratory smiley face. This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: “Fuck these guys.”

NSA collects text messages
The NSA, following its unofficial motto of “collecting it all,” intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire. In leaked documents, the agency described the collected messages as a “goldmine to exploit” for all kinds of personal data. Other documents also revealed that the NSA can “easily” crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries
The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo. The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald’s new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept‘s decision to withhold the second country’s name. The NSA also collects all phone calls’ metadata in Mexico, Kenya and the Philippines.

And this is what they say about Snowden
http://www.forwardprogressives.com/let-me-show-why-edward-snowden-traitor-not-patriot/

Telling a newspaper in China that the United States government spied on Chinese computers isn’t “revealing unconstitutional surveillance of Americans”. Writing an “open letter” trying to get Brazil to grant him political asylum by offering to help Brazil investigate United States surveillance, because Snowden leaked information about the U.S. spying on the Brazilian government, isn’t “standing up for the Constitutional rights of Americans.” Saying that the NSA is “in bed” with Germany and other governments, working together on elaborate surveillance programs, isn’t “protecting the freedom of American citizens.” Leaking documents showing that Sweden has helped the United States spy on Russia isn’t “being a patriot.” Producing documents that reveal details on how the NSA gets some of its intelligence on the location of dangerous terrorists isn’t “being a passionate supporter of our Bill of Rights.” Revealing that the United States uses cyber-attacks as an “intelligence weapon” for overseas targets has nothing to do with our Constitution. Neither did producing documents that showed the British government set up surveillance of G20 delegates and phones during the G20 summit in 2009. Last I checked, countries in Latin America weren’t protected by our Constitution either – yet Snowden still leaked information about how the NSA listens in on phone calls in many of those nations. Can’t say I see any connection to our Constitution in Snowden’s leak of documents pertaining to al-Qaeda’s efforts to shoot down or hack our drones. I’ll admit that I’m not a Constitutional scholar, but I’m pretty sure French citizens aren’t protected by our Constitution. Neither are Norwegians. And I have no idea what Canada’s intelligence gathering has to do with American rights. Though I’m fairly certain revealing that the NSA helped the Dutch spy on Somalia has absolutely nothing to do with the Constitution. I’ll go ahead and stop there.  There were plenty of other examples (such as the United States government hacking the German chancellor’s phone and spying on the Mexican president) but I think I made my point. So even if  you’re on the side of believing that he’s a “patriot” for revealing that the NSA has been unconstitutionally and illegally spying on Americans – that doesn’t recuse him of being a traitor.  The fact is that he illegally stole this information and much of what he took, and subsequently leaked, has nothing to do with our Constitution or the rights of Americans.

MY OPINION

So, Edward Snowden protects American citizens and all they have to say is:

 The fact is that he illegally stole this information and much of what he took, and subsequently leaked, has nothing to do with our Constitution or the rights of Americans.

What about these:

First Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Collecting all data from everyone of the planet, or just in the U.S., is abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press.

Second Amendment: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Collecting all data on every citizen infringes upon your privacy to buy a gun, they now know who is armed, by collecting all the records.

Third Amendment: No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Collecting all data on every citizen is done by government personnel listening to all your communications, that is without the consent of the Owner, they are in your house electronically.

Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Collecting all data on every citizen infringes on the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.

Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Collecting all data from everyone breaks this law.

Sixth Amendment:  In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Collecting all data on every citizen does not inform the party of the nature and cause of the accusation.

Seventh Amendment: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Collecting all data on every citizen does not conform to the rules of the common law.

Eighth Amendment: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Collecting all data on every citizen and manipulating that data, results in unusual punishments inflicted.

Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Collecting all data on every citizen construes to deny or disparage others.

Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Collecting all data on every citizen is not delegated to the United States by the Constitution and takes away the States rights.

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